Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution

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National Academies Press, Jul 21, 2008 - Nature - 226 pages
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In light of recent evidence on the relationship of ozone to mortality and questions about its implications for benefit analysis, the Environmental Protection Agency asked the National Research Council to establish a committee of experts to evaluate independently the contributions of recent epidemiologic studies to understanding the size of the ozone-mortality effect in the context of benefit analysis. The committee was also asked to assess methods for estimating how much a reduction in short-term exposure to ozone would reduce premature deaths, to assess methods for estimating associated increases in life expectancy, and to assess methods for estimating the monetary value of the reduced risk of premature death and increased life expectancy in the context of health-benefits analysis.

Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution details the committee's findings and posits several recommendations to address these issues.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
17
2 Overview of AmbientOzone Standards Development and Benefits Assessment
23
3 Ambient Ozone and Related Pollutants
48
4 Contributions of Relevant Health Studies to the Estimation of Reductions in Premature Mortality
75
5 Economic Valuation of Reduction in Mortality Risk Associated with Ambient Ozone
128
6 Overall Conclusions and Recommendations
160
References
182
Abbreviations
204
Biographic Information on Committee on Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction Benefits from Decreasing Tropospheric Ozone Exposure
206
Environmental Protection Agencys Regulatory Impact Analysis for the Final Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard
211
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