Estuarine Beaches: An introduction to the physical and human factors affecting use and management of beaches in estuaries, lagoons, bays and fjords

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1992 - Science - 226 pages
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The purpose of this book is to supply the background needed to structure research on estuarine beach resources and provide the basis for a program for informed management. The book is a synthesis of data on physical, biological, and human processes.
 

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Contents

Definitions and Locations of Estuarine Beaches
1
DEFINITIONS
4
LOCATION OF ESTUARINE BEACHES
8
BEACHES IN URBANIZED ESTUARIES
14
San FranciscoSan Pablo Bays
20
Raritan and Delaware Bays New Jersey
22
SUMMARY
23
Waves Currents and Water Level Changes
25
Physical Advantages of Estuarine Beaches
112
Alterations to Enhance Recreation
114
Importance of Access
118
Factors Discouraging Recreational Use
120
PRIORITIES FOR USE OF RECREATION BEACHES
123
SUMMARY
125
Shore Protection Alternatives
128
THE NOACTION ALTERNATIVE
130

CHARACTERISTICS OF ESTUARINE WAVES
27
Characteristics of Water Elevation Spectra
32
WAVE GENERATION AND PREDICTION
35
WAVE REFRACTION
37
OCEAN WAVE INPUTS
38
RELATIVE SEA LEVEL CHANGES
40
LONGSHORE CURRENTS
42
STORM SURGES
45
SHIP AND BOAT WAKES
47
ICE
49
SUMMARY
50
Beach and Shoreline Characteristics
54
Gravel Beaches
58
DEPTH OF THE ACTIVE BEACH
59
RESISTANT FORMATIONS IN THE BEACH MATRIX
60
BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
62
Fauna
63
BEACH WIDTHS
66
SHORELINE ORIENTATION
67
LONGSHORE TRANSPORT RATES
69
RATES OF SHORELINE CHANGE
70
DUNES
72
HUMAN PROCESSES AND SHORELINE ALTERATIONS
75
SUMMARY
81
Changes in Beach Morphology and Sediment Volumes
84
MODELS FOR MESOTIDAL ESTUARINE BEACHES
85
Response to Highenergy Waves on Estuarine Beaches
87
Response to Differences in Longshore Sediment Transport
89
Likelihood of Morphological Responses
90
Longterm Changes in Morphology and Sediment Volume
92
MICROTIDAL ESTUARINE BEACHES
95
MACROTIDAL ESTUARINE BEACHES
97
GRAVEL BEACHES
98
BARS
100
Transverse Bars
101
SUMMARY
102
Resource Values of Estuarine Beaches
105
HUMAN RESOURCE VALUE
108
Investment Potential
110
RECREATION
111
LAND USE CONTROL
131
STATIC PROTECTION STRUCTURES
134
Breakwaters
137
Perched Beach
139
Bulkheads Revetments and Seawalls
141
VEGETATION
145
DUNES
147
SUMMARY
153
Management Considerations
156
MAJOR FEDERAL PROGRAMS
158
The Coastal Barrier Resources Act
159
The National Flood Insurance Program
160
Corps of Engineers Activities
161
Other Federal Programs
162
STATE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS
163
Water Quality Planning and Maintenance Programs
164
Site Plan Reviews for Largescale Developments
165
Park and Recreation Programs
166
REGIONAL AUTHORITIES AND COMMISSIONS
167
IMPLICATIONS OF EXISTING MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS
169
DECISIONS AFFECTING USE AND DEVELOPMENT OF ESTUARINE BEACHES
171
Determining Locations of Beaches
172
Determining Beach Characteristics
175
Determining the Origin of Beaches
176
Uses or Values of Existing Beaches
177
Creation of New Public Estuarine Beaches
179
Controls to Insure Maintenance and Value of Public Beaches
181
Conflicts Between Recreational Uses and Ecological Values
182
SUMMARY
183
Research Needs
187
PROCESS STUDIES
188
SEDIMENT MOVEMENT AND BEACH CHANGE
191
HUMANINDUCED EFFECTS
192
RESOURCE VALUES
194
Ecological Values
195
CONCLUSIONS
197
References
198
Index
217
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 199 - Bagnold, RA, 1940. Beach Formation by Waves; Some Model-Experiments in a Wave Tank.
Page 207 - Komar, PD 1976. Beach Processes and Sedimentation. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Komar, PD 1979. 'Beach-slope dependence of longshore currents.
Page 206 - Site-specific controls on wind and wave processes and beach mobility on estuarine beaches.
Page 199 - OUerhead, and NL Jackson. Indeterminancy in aeolian sediment transport across beaches. J. Coastal Research, 12: 641-653. Bauer, BO, DJ Sherman, KF Nordstrom, and PA Gares. 1990. Aeolian transport and measurement across a beach and dune at Castroville, California. In Nordstrom, KF, NP Psuty, and RWG Carter (eds.), Coastal Dunes: Form and Process. New York, Wiley, pp. 39-55. Bauer, BO, DJ Sherman, and JF Wolcott 1992. Sources of uncertainty in shear stress and roughness length estimates derived...
Page 209 - State of New York Coastal Management Program and Final Environmental Impact Statement. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC, and New York State Department of State, Albany, New York. Simulating the Long-term Impacts of Coastal Development and Landscape Changes on the Ecology of the Waccamaw River, SC Sharon S.

About the author (1992)

Karl F. Nordstrom is a Professor at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, where he has been teaching for over 30 years. His distinguished career of research into beaches and dunes in oceans and estuarine environments includes receiving Fulbright Senior Scholar Awards (Germany) in 1999 and 2006, and the Grove Karl Gilbert Award for Excellence in Geomorphological Research in 2001. He has worked in the USA, Canada, Australia, Italy, and Germany, and has published numerous books, including Beaches and Dunes of Developed Coasts, also by Cambridge University Press in 2000. He has contributed to over 80 articles in journals and over 40 chapters in books and edited symposia. He is also on the editorial board of the Journal of Coastal Research and is a member of several professional associations on coastal environments and beach preservation.

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