Ethical Patterns in Early Christian Thought
In so-called Christian countries an increasing number of people openly reject Christian morality. It is a commonplace that they do this for values that can be shown to be Christian. How did this state of affairs come about? An examination of the beginning of Christian ethical thought shows that, within great personal variety, certain patterns or concepts remain constant. Righteousness, discipleship, faith and love are traced in this book from the New Testament through to Augustine. There is a necessary tension between high ideals and practical performance, or between perfection and contingency. When this tension is lost, Christian ethics can easily go wrong. The amoral perfectionism of second-century Gnostics is remarkably similar to the mysticism of communal movements; the opposite threat of legalism has always been present in conservative forms of Christianity. Dr Osborn is concerned to explain rather than to defend, to look at the way conclusions are reached, and to show the rich diversity of early Christian thought. Successive chapters deal with the New Testament, Clement of Alexandria, Basil the Great, John Chrysostom and Augustine.
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CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA
BASIL THE GREAT
AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO
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A. H. Armstrong antinomian apatheia ascetic asceticism Augustine Augustine's Basil become believe body C. H. Dodd challenge to perfection Christ Christian ethics church claim Clement Clement of Alexandria commandments concerned contingency death disciples discipleship divine early Christian earthly Epictetus eschatology eternal evil faith Father follow freedom fulfil gift gives glory gnostic God's gospel grace harmony heaven heiligen Augustinus historical Jesus holy human humility Ibid ideal imitation important insists Iris Murdoch Jean Chrysostome John judgement justice Kasemann knowledge linked live London Lord man's Manichees Marcion Matt means Monchtum monk natural law negative ethics neighbour never NTQT obedience pagan passions pattern Paul philosopher Plato Plotinus prayer Psalm reason rejection righteousness rules salvation Sermon Sextus shows situation ethics soul Spirit Stoic Stoicism suffering Testament theme theology things thought true truth unity virginity virtue word wrong
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Matthew and Paul: A Comparison of Ethical Perspectives
Limited preview - 2004