Ethics and Epidemiology

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, 1996 - Medical - 312 pages
Written by epidemiologists, ethicists and legal scholars, this book provides an in-depth exploration of the moral dilemmas that routinely confront epidemiologists, including both theoretical and practical issues. An excellent introduction surveys the theoretical and practical problems while leading issues are examined in later chapters though an up-to-date, solid analysis. Topics covered include informed consent, privacy and confidentiality protection, the balancing of risks and benefits, vulnerable populations, institutional review boards, and professional education. All the articles collected in this volume are original, and each includes detailed references and an extensive bibliography. Epidemiologists, public health researchers, bioethicists, and health policy-makers will value the insight this book provides into the ethical dilemmas faced in epidemiologic research.
 

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Contents

Contributors
1
Moral Foundations
24
Professional Standards of Conduct for Epidemiologists
53
Epistemology and Ethics in Epidemiology
76
Legal and Ethical Considerations for Securing Consent
97
Confidentiality and Privacy Protection in Epidemiologic Research
128
Balancing Risks and Benefits
139
Ethically Optimized Study Designs in Epidemiology
145
Ethical Issues in the Interaction with Subjects and Disclosure
178
Ethical Issues in Epidemiologic Research with Children
199
The Ethics of Epidemiologic Research with Older Populations
219
Ethics and Epidemiology in the Age of AIDS
239
The Institutional Review Board
257
Scientific Misconduct in Epidemiologic Research
274
Toward an Ethics Curriculum in Epidemiology
290
Index
305

Intervention Studies
156

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About the author (1996)


Steven S. Coughlin, M.P.H., Ph.D., received graduate degrees from San Diego State University and Johns Hopkins University. He is currently Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Director of the Program in Public Health Ethics at Tulane University. He is eEditor of Ethics in Epidemiology and Clinical Research, a member of the editorial board of Epidemiology, and Associate Editor of the American Journal of Epidemiology. His main interests are in professional ethics in epidemiology and the prevention and control of chronic diseases.
Tom L. Beauchamp, Ph.D., received graduate degrees from Yale University and Johns Hopkins University. He is presently Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University. He is the author of Philosophical Ethics and co-author of Principles of Biomedical Ethics, A History and Theory of Informed Consent, and Medical Ethics. Also, he is one of three general editors of the critical edition of the philosophical works of David Hume. His main interests in philosophy are in ethical theory, professional ethics, and the history of modern philosophy.

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