Ethics in Reproductive Medicine
Medical ethics is a difficult and controversial field and that part of it dealing with reproductive medicine is no exception. Our first conference on philosophical ethics in reproductive medicine (PERM 1) in 1988 discussed many of the controversies in this field. The acclaim it received encouraged us to organise PERM 2 but choosing a relevant and topical programme was a clairvoyant challenge in its own right. Since PERM 1 we have seen a number of developments, in the UK and internationally, that have thrown the problems that society must face into sharp relief. Drawing on the expertise of contributors from science, many medical specialities, philosophy, theology and economics, we have sought to address the issues raised by these new developments, as well as a number of long-standing issues that remain as contentious as ever, but of undiminished significance. On the scientific front, the long-predicted technique of embryo biopsy and diagnosis is now a reality. This has prompted the inclusion of some of the topics addressed by this second conference.
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List of Contributors
Is There a Clinical Need?
The Philosophers Role in Ethical
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abortion debate abortion rate animal appeal apply argue argument baby behaviour biological biopsy birth blastocyst cells child Christian chromosome claim clinical commonsense moral conservative contraception cryopreserved decisions demographic trap diagnosis doctors drug economic effect embryo therapy England and Wales ethics committee example family planning female fertilisation fertility fetus fetuses gene therapy genetic disease genetic screening harm implantation individual induced abortion infertility interests issue judgement killing liberal logic London male maternal deaths maternal mortality mitochondria moral status moral thinking morally relevant mother normal obligations offspring ovum Oxford parents patients person philosophers population position possible potentiality principle practice pre-embryo pre-implantation pregnancy premise prenatal present pro-choicers pro-lifers problems programmes promiscuous QALY question reason religious result risk sense sexual sexually transmitted disease social society species Speciesism stage technique tolerance trap treatment Unicef University Press vitro vitro fertilisation woman wrong