Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa
Why are some African countries trapped in vicious cycles of ethnic exclusion and civil war, while others experience relative peace? In this groundbreaking book, Philip Roessler addresses this question. Roessler models Africa's weak, ethnically-divided states as confronting rulers with a coup-civil war trap - sharing power with ethnic rivals is necessary to underwrite societal peace and prevent civil war, but increases rivals' capabilities to seize sovereign power in a coup d'état. How rulers respond to this strategic trade-off is shown to be a function of their country's ethnic geography and the distribution of threat capabilities it produces. Moving between in-depth case studies of Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo based on years of field work and statistical analyses of powersharing, coups and civil war across sub-Saharan Africa, the book serves as an exemplar of the benefits of mixed methods research for theory-building and testing in comparative politics.
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AFDL Al-Ingaz alliance allies Arab armed rebellion army bargaining Bashir Benin Bolad Burundi Cederman central government Chad Chapter civil war civil war risk co-conspirators coalition coethnics commitment problem conflict Congo Congolese countries country’s coup d’état coup Failed coup coup risk coup-proofing coup–civil war trap Darfurian Déby dominant El Fasher elites EPR dataset ethnic exclusion ethnic groups Ethnic Politics ethnic powersharing ethnopolitical exclusion forces government’s Hutu Ibrahim Idriss Déby increased insurgency interethnic Interview Islamic Islamic Movement Islamists Jebel Marra Junior Partner Kabila Khartoum Kinshasa large-scale political violence leaders military mobilization Mobutu North Darfur northern Omar al-Bashir peace political networks postcolonial Africa powersharing president purged rebels regime regime’s region rulers ruling group Rwanda social South Sudan SPLA strategic Successful coup Sudanese Taha tanzim theory of civil threat capabilities Turabi Tutsi Uganda University Press violence specialists Waal weak Wimmer Zaghawa