Ethology and Human Development
The developmental origins of human behavior are often seen as having parallels with the natural world of animal behavior. Researchers in ethology, the biological study of animal behavior, have amassed an enormous body of research, but the psychological study of child development has often ignored the findings, with the notable exception of John Bowlby's use of imprinting as a basis for a novel theory of human attachment. The author of this new book, a psychologist who has carried out research in ethology, evaluates the impact of several decades of ethological work on developmental psychology. He views human development from the context of the natural world, thereby re-establishing the links, begun with Charles Darwin, between research on child development and animal behavior. Chapters summarize important research on observational methods, animal models, social processes, sociobiology, the comparative method, non-verbal communication, and mental processes.
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adult aggression altricial analysis animal behaviour animal models apparent applied approach Archer argued assessment associated autistic Baerends Bateson behavioural system bird song birds Blurton Jones Bowlby Chapter child chimpanzees classical ethology cognitive cognitive ethology comparative comparative psychology concept context described developmental psychology dyadic earlier Eibl-Eibesfeldt emphasis environment environmental ethological ethological research ethological studies ethologists evidence evolution evolutionary example facial expressions Figure filial imprinting fixed action pattern forms functional Gould Hinde Hooff hypothesis identified important indicated individual infants inferences influence innate interactions involved K-selected later learning linear Lorenz male mammals mother motivational conflict object observations occurs parental polygyny pre-school children predicted primates processes reaction referred relationships reproductive responses rhesus monkeys rough-and-tumble play sensitive period separation sequence sexual imprinting similar smiling Smith social behaviour sociobiological song species strategies Strayer suggested theory theory of mind Tinbergen types of behaviour variables young