Europe's Automotive Industry on the Move: Competitiveness in a Changing World

Front Cover
Oliver Heneric, Georg Licht, Wolfgang Sofka
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 15, 2005 - Business & Economics - 275 pages
The automotive industry is a major pillar of the modern global economy and Europe is one of the key players. It has a unique role to play in Europe in - ployment, manufacturing, R&D, transportation and investment, and there are crucial challenges and opportunities ahead. We shed light on a broad range of issues - globalisation and restructuring, trade and foreign direct investment (no- bly in China and Russia), innovation, regulation, and industry policy - and put a special focus on the new member states. While change may be inevitable, progress is not. This book shall serve as a map to all stakeholders: business executives, policy makers, investors and scholars. th The contents originate from the 8 European Competitiveness Report 2004 p- ject of the European Commission. They document the contribution made at the Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) - Centre for European Economic Resarch - in Mannheim, Germany, in cooperation with several external researchers. We as editors wish to mention and sincerely thank the many persons and institutions who have helped us in this effort. Special thanks go to the c- tributors: Thomas Cleff (Professor at the University of Applied Sciences in Pfo- heim, Germany), Stefan Lutz (then researcher at the Centre for European E- nomic Resarch, Mannheim, Germany), Alfred Spielkamp (Professor at the U- versity of Applied Sciences in Gelsenkirchen, Germany) and Waltraud Urban (Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies in Vienna, Austria).
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The European Automotive Industry in a Global Context
5
212 Value Added
6
213 Employment
8
214 Production Backward and Forward Linkages
9
22 Capital Stock and Investment
12
221 Special Focus on the New Member States
13
23 Industry Profile
18
44 Innovation and Restructuring of the Value Chain
140
442 The Relation Between Supplier and Vehicle Manufacturer
141
45 Trends in Innovation Activities
146
46 Price and Technological Competitiveness A Short Summary
154
Regulation and Industrial Policy
157
52 Measures and Procedures Affecting the Supply Side
159
521 Block Exemption Regulation
160
522 Harmonisation of Industrial Design Regulation on Spare Parts
168

232 Manufacturers
24
233 Special Focus on Manufacturers in the New Member States
29
235 Special Focus on Suppliers in the New Member States
32
24 Globalisation and Restructuring
33
25 Capacity Utilisation and Structural Overcapacity
38
26 Conclusion
43
Competitiveness A Market Perspective
45
321 International Trade
48
322 Foreign Direct Investment
61
323 Emerging Markets
71
324 Conclusion
79
332 Market Growth
92
333 Special Focus on the New Member States
97
334 Conclusion
100
Innovation and Competitiveness
103
412 Labour Costs
106
413 Labour Productivity
113
414 Special Focus on the New Member States
117
42 Human Resources in Science and Technology
122
43 RD Innovation and Patents
127
432 Automotive Innovation as Mirrored in Patent Statistics
130
433 Innovation Patterns
134
434 Innovation Networks
137
435 Summary
139
523 EndOfLife Vehicle Directive 200053EC
169
524 Implications of the New EU Chemicals Legislation REACH
170
CO2 Emission Reduction the Manufacturers Contribution
171
526 Fuel Cell
175
53 Measures and Procedures Affecting the Demand Side
176
531 Charging for Infrastructure and Social Costs of Transportation
177
532 Taxation of Passenger Cars
182
533 Fiscal Measures in Order to Reduce CO2 Emission CO2 Taxes
184
54 Assessment and Implications
186
Challenges and Opportunities for the European Automotive Industry
191
61 A Summary of Strengths and Weaknesses Opportunities and Threats
192
612 Weaknesses
194
613 Opportunities
195
614 Threats
196
A Scenario Approach
197
Taking the Pole Position
200
63 Policy Issues
202
Summary and Conclusions
207
Appendix
209
List of Figures
261
List of Tables
265
References
269
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Page 272 - The Development and Regional Significance of the Automotive Industry: Supplier Parks in Western Europe, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 2002, 26, 4, Dec, 767-784.

About the author (2005)

Oliver Heneric: Since 2001 Oliver Heneric has been working in the Department of Industrial Economics and International Management at ZEW. His current research focuses on venture capital and industry analysis.

Georg Licht: Head of the Department of Industrial Economics and International Management at the Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research), in Mannheim, Germany.

Wolfgang Sofka: Started working for the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Department of Industrial Economics and International Management, in February 2002. His primary responsibilities lie in the field of industry analysis with a main focus on international competitiveness.

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