European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages

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Princeton University Press, 1953 - Literary Criticism - 718 pages
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In this "magnificant book" (T.S. Eliot), Ernst Robert Curtius (1886-1956), one of the foremost literary scholars of this century, examines the continuity of European literature from Homer to Goethe, with particular emphasis on the Latin Middle Ages. In an extensive new epilogue, drawing on hitherto unpublished material, Peter Godman, Professor of Medieval Latin at the University of Tubingen, analyzes the intellectual and political context and character of Curtius's ideas.
 

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138-44,讲theatrum mundi的

Contents

European Literature
3
The Latin Middle Ages
17
2 ANTIQUE AND MODERN WORLDS
19
3 THE MIDDLE AGES
20
4 THE LATIN MIDDLE AGES
24
5 ROMANIA
30
Literature and Education
36
2 THE CONCEPT OF THE Artes IN THE MIDDLE AGES
39
3 CANON FORMATION IN THE CHURCH
256
4 MEDIEVAL CANON
260
5 MODERN CANON FORMATION
264
Mannerism
273
2 RHETORIC AND MANNERISM
274
3 FORMAL MANNERISMS
282
4 RECAPITULATION
291
5 EPIGRAM AND THE STYLE OF pointes
292

3 GRAMMAR
42
4 ANGLOSAXON AND CAROLINGIAN STUDIES
45
5 CURRICULUM AUTHORS
48
6 THE UNIVERSITIES
54
7 Sententiae and Exempla
57
Rhetoric
62
2 RHETORIC IN ANTIQUITY
64
3 SYSTEM OF ANTIQUE RHETORIC
68
4 LATE ROMAN ANTIQUITY
71
5 JEROME
72
6 AUGUSTINE
73
7 CASSIDORUS AND ISIDORE
74
8 Ars dictaminis
75
9 WIBALD OF CORVEY AND JOHN OF SALISBURY
76
10 RHETORIC PAINTING MUSIC
77
Topics
79
1 TOPICS OF CONSOLATORY ORATORY
80
2 HISTORICAL TOPICS
82
3 AFFECTED MODESTY
83
4 TOPICS OF THE EXORDIUM
85
5 TOPICS OF THE CONCLUSION
89
6 INVOCATION OF NATURE
92
7THE WORLD UPSIDEDOWN
94
8 BOY AND OLD MAN
98
9 OLD WOMAN AND GIRL
101
The Goddess Natura
106
2 BERNARD SILVESTRIS
108
3 SODOMY
113
4 ALAN OF LILLE
117
5 EROS AND MORALITY
122
6 THE ROMANCE OF THE ROSE
124
Metaphorics
128
2 PERSONAL METAPHORS
131
3 ALIMENTARY METAPHORS
134
4 CORPORAL METAPHORS
136
5 THEATRICAL METAPHORS
138
Poetry and Rhetoric
145
2 POETRY AND PROSE
147
3 SYSTEM OF MEDIEVAL STYLES
148
4 JUDICIAL POLITICAL AND PANEGYRICAL ORATORY IN MEDIEVAL POETRY
154
5 INEXPRESSIBILITY TOPOI
159
6 OUTDOING
162
7 EULOGY OF CONTEMPORARIES
165
Heroes and Rulers
167
2 HOMERIC HEROES
170
3 VIRGIL
173
4 LATE ANTIQUITY AND THE MIDDLE AGES
174
5 PRAISE OF RULERS
176
6 ARMS AND STUDIES
178
7 NOBILITY OF SOUL
179
8 BEAUTY
180
The Ideal Landscape
183
2 GREEK POETRY
185
3 VIRGIL
190
4 RHETORICAL OCCASIONS FOR THE DESCRIPTION OF NATURE
193
5 THE GROVE
194
6 THE PLEASANCE
195
7 EPIC LANDSCAPE
200
Poetry and Philosophy
203
2 POETRY AND PHILOSOPHY
207
3 PHILOSOPHY IN LATE PAGAN ANTIQUITY
209
4 PHILOSOPHY AND CHRISTIANITY
211
Poetry and Theology
214
2 ALBERTINO MUSSATO
215
3 DANTES SELFEXEGESIS
221
4 PETRARCH AND BOCCACCIO
225
The Muses
228
Classicism
247
2 THE ANCIENTS AND THE MODERNS
251
6 BALTASA GRACIÁN
293
The Book as Symbol
302
2 GREECE
304
3 ROME
308
4 THE BIBLE
310
5 EARLY MIDDLE AGES
311
6 HIGH MIDDLE AGES
315
7 THE BOOK OF NATURE
319
8 DANTE
326
9 SHAKESPEARE
332
10 WEST AND EAST
340
Dante
348
2 DANTE AND LATINITY
350
3 THE Commedia AND THE LITERARY GENRES
357
4 EXEMPLARY FIGURES IN THE Commedia
362
5 THE PERSONNEL OF THE Commedia
365
6 MYTH AND PROPHECY
372
7 DANTE AND THE MIDDLE AGES
378
Epilogue
380
2 THE BEGINNINGS OF THE VERNACULAR LITERATURES
383
3 MIND AND FORM
388
4 CONTINUITY
391
5 IMITATION AND CREATION
397
EXCURSUSES
403
Misunderstandings of Antiquity in the Middle Ages
405
Devotional Formula and Humility
407
Grammatical and Rhetorical Technical Terms as Metaphors
414
Jest and Earnest in Medieval Literature
417
2 THE CHURCH AND LAUGHTER
420
3 JEST AND EARNEST IN THE EULOGY OF RULERS
422
4 JEST IN HAGIOGRAPHY
425
5 COMIC ELEMENTS IN THE EPIC
429
6 KITCHEN HUMOR AND OTHER Ridicula
431
Late Antique Literary Studies
436
2 LATE ROMAN GRAMMAR
438
3 MACROBIUS
443
Early Christian and Medieval Literary Studies
446
2 CASSIODORUS
448
3 ISIDORE
450
4 ALDHELM
457
5 EARLY CHRISTIAN POETRY
458
6 NOTKER BALBULUS
463
7 AIMERIC
464
8 LITERARY STUDIES IN THE TWELFTH AND THIRTEENTH CENTURIES
465
The Mode of Existence of the Medieval Poet
468
The Poets Divine Frenzy
474
Poetry as Perpetuation
476
Poetry as Entertainment
478
Poetry and Scholasticism
480
The Poets Pride
485
Brevity as an Ideal Style
487
Etymology as a Category of Thought
495
Numerical Composition
501
Mention of the Authors Name in Medieval Literature
515
The Chilvaric System of the Virtues
519
The Ape as Metaphor
538
Apains Cultural Belatedness
541
God as Maker
544
Theological ArtTheory in the Spanish Literature of the Seventeenth Century
547
Calderóns Theory of Art and the Artes Liberales
559
Montesquieu Ovid and Virgil
571
Diderot and Horace
573
The Medieval Bases of Western Thought
587
EPILOGUE
599
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE
655
Abbreviations
656
INDEX
659
Copyright

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About the author (1953)

Ernst Robert Curtius held the chair of romance literature and language at Bonn University from 1929 until his retirement in 1951. Colin Burrow is a fellow of All Souls College, University of Oxford. He is the author of Epic Romance: Homer to Milton.

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