European Visions for the Knowledge Age: A Quest for New Horizons in the Information Society
Paul T Kidd
Cheshire Henbury, 2007 - Computers - 250 pages
How will information and communication technologies shape our future? What will the world be like in 10, 20 or even 30 year's time as a result of further advances in such technologies as the Internet? Will the application of these technologies in every aspect of human activity - in the home, at work, in public spaces, in hospitals, etc. - be a blessing or a curse? This book attempts to provide some answers to such questions, but without the resorting to unrealistic and exaggerated expectations. Based on the considered views of several European experts, European Visions for the Knowledge Age provides a multidisciplinary glimpse into some radical, and sometimes controversial, European perspectives on the future of the information society. The contributors to this edited book address what could be, what should be, and sometimes warn about what should not be the future. All the contributions have been written with a wide audience in mind and both the technically and the non-technically oriented will find elements in the chapters that will challenge their world views and their taken for granted assumptions. The contents of the book are organised into five self-contained parts: European Manufacturing 2035; Novel Perspectives for Networked Intelligence; The Future of Body and Mind; New Directions for Power and Participation; and The Distant Horizon. Each section brings together a number of essays under a broad theme relevant to the future.
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activities algorithms allocation of functions ambient intelligence approach atoms become behaviour Big Brother biomedical body brain technology brain-machine interface carbon challenge circumstances citizens clothes communication technologies computer science Connectopolis create creativity culture customised cyber-cars democracy devices digital territory drive ecological humanism economic Egopoli electronic embedded emerging enable energy consumption enhancement environment environmental Europe European Environment Agency European manufacturing European Union everyday example fossil fuels future global globalisation greenhouse gas happiness human important improvements increase increasingly individual industrial information and communication information society innovative intangible interaction knowledge age knowledge society machines means nanotechnologies networks objects open-source software organisations perspective physical Physical Symbol System politics possible problems production progress projects result role scenario sensors social space sustainable three-dimensional printing transport trends United Kingdom vehicles vision
Page 218 - Heaven in a wild flower, Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand, And Eternity in an hour. — William Blake, "Auguries of Innocence...
Page 65 - ... 1986). An evaluative decision support system is one that takes a set of proposed decisions and evaluates and predicts the results of these decisions. A generative decision support system is one that takes a set of criteria and constraints and generates a set of decisions. Thus, in the example from CACSD, the use of a computer algorithm to undertake controller tuning is a generative approach. The manual tuning method is an evaluative approach. Simulation is also an evaluative approach.
Page 176 - In principle, a fuel cell operates like a battery. Unlike a battery, a fuel cell does not run down or require recharging. It will produce energy in the form of electricity and heat as long as fuel is supplied.
Page 150 - Information is transportable — at the speed of light and, perhaps, through telepathy, faster than that. . . . 5. Information is diffusive. It tends to leak; the more it leaks the more we have and the more of us have it. ... 6. Information is...
Page 218 - ... a community of equals, aiming at the best life possible. Now, whereas happiness is the highest good, being a realization and perfect practice of virtue, which some can attain, while others have little or none of it, the various qualities of men are clearly the reason why there are various kinds of states and many forms of government; for different men seek after happiness in different ways and by different means, and so make for themselves different modes of life and forms of government.
Page 147 - Intangibles are frequently embedded in physical assets (for example, the technology and knowledge contained in an airplane) and in labor (the tacit knowledge of employees), leading to considerable interaction between tangible and intangible assets in the creation of value.
Page 176 - FUEL CELLS A fuel cell is an electrochemical device in which the chemical energy of a conventional fuel is converted directly into electrical energy.
Page 64 - In essence therefore, an open system is one where the relationship between people and computers is determined by each individual user, and not by the designers of the technical system. The role of the designers of the technical system is to create a system that will satisfy...
Page 64 - Essentially, a closed system is one where we determine, through the system design, the actions of people to a degree that is more than required, say, by hardware, or software or performance constraints. In other words, a closed system is one in which we overdetermined the user-computer relationship.