Evaluating science and scientists: an east-west dialogue on research evaluation in post-communist Europe
The shift to a market economy in post-communist Eastern Europe has had a profound impact on science and scientists across the region, leading to reforms in research management practices and to drastic cuts in funding levels everywhere. Many countries are moving towards a system of competitive research grants awarded on the basis of peer review.The introduction of peer review is not simply a technical matter; it signifies a fundamental change in the social structure of science, enhancing professional autonomy and giving working scientists a voice in the allocation of resources. This book combines first-hand accounts of the reform process with analyses of the strengths and weaknesses of both peer review and quantitative indicators.
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The Political and Economic Context of Research Evaluation
SelfRegulation and Accountability
The Evaluation of Research Institutes in Hungary
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Academy of Sciences Academy's achievements activity allocation applied research assessment basic research bibliometric indicators big science budget cent citation analysis citation counts citation data cited Committee concerned cooperation factor countries criteria critical Czech Czech Republic databases decisions disciplines Eastern Europe Edward Hackett evaluating body evaluation of research example experts Grant Agency Hungarian Academy Hungary ICSU impact factors important individual research involved Jane Cave journals measures methods number of citations number of publications OECD output papers patent peer review system Peter Zilahy photovoltaic Poland political priority problems produced publication and citation published quantitative indicators quantitative techniques Radio Astronomy ranking referees relevant research evaluation research funding research groups research institutes research performance research programs Science and Technology Science Citation Index science policy scientific community Scientific Research Scientometrics scores sections selection Slovak social SPRU studies subfields technology indicators technometric tion universities