Every Home a Distillery: Alcohol, Gender, and Technology in the Colonial Chesapeake

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JHU Press, Sep 10, 2009 - History - 187 pages
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In this original examination of alcohol production in early America, Sarah Hand Meacham uncovers the crucial role women played in cidering and distilling in the colonial Chesapeake. Her fascinating story is one defined by gender, class, technology, and changing patterns of production.

Alcohol was essential to colonial life; the region’s water was foul, milk was generally unavailable, and tea and coffee were far too expensive for all but the very wealthy. Colonists used alcohol to drink, in cooking, as a cleaning agent, in beauty products, and as medicine. Meacham finds that the distillation and brewing of alcohol for these purposes traditionally fell to women. Advice and recipes in such guidebooks as The Accomplisht Ladys Delight demonstrate that women were the main producers of alcohol until the middle of the 18th century. Men, mostly small planters, then supplanted women, using new and cheaper technologies to make the region’s cider, ale, and whiskey.

Meacham compares alcohol production in the Chesapeake with that in New England, the middle colonies, and Europe, finding the Chesapeake to be far more isolated than even the other American colonies. She explains how home brewers used new technologies, such as small alembic stills and inexpensive cider pressing machines, in their alcoholic enterprises. She links the importation of coffee and tea in America to the temperance movement, showing how the wealthy became concerned with alcohol consumption only after they found something less inebriating to drink.

Taking a few pages from contemporary guidebooks, Every Home a Distillery includes samples of historic recipes and instructions on how to make alcoholic beverages. American historians will find this study both enlightening and surprising.

 

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User Review  - bohannon - LibraryThing

Excellent book! This is the printed version of the author's dissertation in history at UVA. Her preface clearly intimates that she was/is one of those folks who spends to much time at Williamsburg ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
Alcoholic Beverage Consumption in the Early Chesapeake
6
Gender Technology and Household Cidering in England and the Chesapeake 1690 to 1760
24
Large Planters Science and Community Networks in the Early Eighteenth Century
40
White Middling Women and the Tavernkeeping Trade in Colonial Virginia
64
Alcohol for Sale 1760 to 1776
82
Technology the American Revolution and the Masculinization of Alcohol Production in the Late Eighteenth Century
95
The Problem of Alcohol
120
Conclusion
135
A Few Recipes
139
Notes
143
Essay on Sources
171
Index
181
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Sarah Hand Meacham is an associate professor of early American history at Virginia Commonwealth University.