Evidence-Based Management of Low Back Pain

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Elsevier Health Sciences, Feb 11, 2011 - Medical - 496 pages
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Covering all commonly used interventions for acute and chronic low back pain conditions, Evidence-Based Management of Low Back Pain consolidates current scientific studies and research evidence into a single, practical resource. Its multidisciplinary approach covers a wide scope of treatments from manual therapies to medical interventions to surgery, organizing interventions from least to most invasive. Editors Simon Dagenais and Scott Haldeman, along with expert contributors from a variety of clinical and academic institutions throughout the world, focus on the best available scientific evidence, summarizing the results from the strongest to the weakest types of studies. No other book makes it so easy to compare the different interventions and treatment approaches, giving you the tools to make better, more informed clinical decisions.

  • A multidisciplinary approach covers treatments from manual therapies to medical interventions to surgery, and many others in between.
  • An interdisciplinary approach enables health care providers to work together.
  • A logical, easy-to-follow organization covers information by intervention type, from least invasive to most invasive.
  • Integration of interventions provides information in a clinically useful way, so it's easier to consider more than one type of treatment or intervention for low back pain, and easier to see which methods should be tried first.
  • 155 illustrations include x-rays, photos, and drawings.
  • Tables and boxes summarize key information.
  • Evidence-based content allows you to make clinical decisions based on the ranking the best available scientific studies from strongest to weakest.
  • Patient history and examination chapters help in assessing the patient's condition and in ruling out serious pathology before making decisions about specific interventions.
  • Experienced editors and contributors are proven authors, researchers, and teachers, and practitioners, well known in the areas of orthopedics, pain management, chiropractic, physical therapy, and behavioral medicine as well as complementary and alternative medicine; the book's contributors include some of the leading clinical and research experts in the field of low back pain.
  • Coverage based on The Spine Journal special issue on low back pain ensures that topics are relevant and up to date.
  • A systematic review of interventions for low back pain includes these categories: patient education, exercise and rehabilitation, medications, manual therapy, physical modalities, complementary and alternative medicine, behavioral modification, injections, minimally invasive procedures, and surgery.
  • Surgical interventions include decompression, fusion, disc arthroplasty, and dynamic stabilization.
  • Additional coverage includes patient education and multidisciplinary rehabilitation.
 

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Contents

EvidenceBased Management of Low Back Pain
1
Guide to Using This Textbook
13
Assessment of Low Back Pain
21
Management of Acute Low Back Pain
32
Physical Activity Smoking Cessation and Weight Loss
39
Watchful Waiting and Brief Education
55
Back Schools and Fear Avoidance Training
73
Lumbar Stabilization Exercise
91
Nutritional Herbal and Homeopathic Supplements
258
Needle Acupuncture
269
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
286
Functional Restoration
300
Epidural Steroid Injections
311
Trigger Point Injections
329
Prolotherapy
340
Lumbar Medial Branch Neurotomy
351

Lumbar Strengthening Exercise
104
McKenzie Method
122
Common Analgesics
134
Opioid Analgesics
154
Adjunctive Analgesics
171
Electrotherapeutic Modalities and Physical Agents
188
Traction Therapy
205
Massage Therapy
216
Spinal Manipulation and Mobilization
229
MedicineAssisted Manipulation Therapy
248
Intradiscal Thermal Therapies
364
Nucleoplasty
389
Decompression Surgery
403
Fusion Surgery and Disc Arthroplasty
422
Conclusion
443
Answers to Review Questions
450
Glossary
453
Index
467
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