Evidence-based Decisions and Economics: Health Care, Social Welfare, Education and Criminal Justice

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Ian Shemilt, Miranda Mugford, Luke Vale, Kevin Marsh, Cam Donaldson
John Wiley & Sons, Sep 22, 2011 - Medical - 216 pages
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The need for evidence-based decisions that take account of both effectiveness and economics is greater now than ever. Using case studies and illustrative examples throughout the authors describe how the activities and outputs of evidence synthesis, systematic review, economic analysis and decision-making interact within and across different spheres of health and social policy and practice.

Expanding on the first edition the book now covers approaches to evidence synthesis that combine economics and systematic review methods in the applied fields of social welfare, education and criminal justice, as well as health care. Written by economists and health services researchers closely involved in developing evidence-based policy and practice it showcases current state-of-the-art methodology and will be an invaluable read for all policy-makers and practitioners using evidence to inform decisions, analysts conducting research to support decisions and students discovering the need for evidence-based decisions to incorporate economic perspectives and evidence.


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1 From effectiveness to efficiency? An introduction to evidencebased decisions and economics
2 The role of review and synthesis methods in decision models
3 The role of economic perspectives and evidence in systematic review
4 The role of economic evidence in formulation of public policy and practice
5 Generalisability transferability complexity and relevance
6 Equity efficiency and research synthesis
7 Searching for evidence for costeffectiveness decisions
8 Identifying and reviewing health state utility values for populating decision models
10 Grading economic evidence
11 Metaregression models of economics and medical research
using systematic review to inform the design of future research
13 Complex problems or simple solutions? Enhancing evidencebased economics to reflect reality
lessons for practice
an agenda for research
16 Glossary of terms

9 Use of evidence in decision models

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About the author (2011)

Ian Shemilt

Senior Research Associate, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Miranda Mugford

Professor of Health Economics, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Luke Vale

Professor of Health Technology Assessment, Health Economics Research Unit and Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK

Kevin Marsh

Head of Economic Evaluation, Matrix Knowledge Group, London, UK

Cam Donaldson

Yunus Chair in Social Business and Health, NIHR Senior Investigator, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK

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