Evidence-based Nursing: A Guide to Clinical Practice

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Elsevier Health Sciences, 2005 - Medical - 600 pages
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Written in response to numerous requests by nurse practitioners and other graduate faculty for a nursing literature resource, this new two-color book is based on the Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Practice by Dr. Gordon Guyatt and Dr. Drummond Rennie, published in 2001 by the AMA. Revised for the nursing audience, Evidence-Based Nursing is a reader-friendly, accessible guide that features plentiful examples from the nursing literature and the addition of specific nursing issues such as qualitative research, with direct application for clinical practice. Drs. DiCenso, Ciliska, and Guyatt are three of the leaders in the evidence-based nursing community and command worldwide recognition. Evidence-Based Nursing will enable nurses to frame their clinical questions in a way that will help them find and distinguish between strong and weak evidence; clearly understand study results; weigh the risks and benefits of management options; and apply the evidence to their individual patients to improve outcomes.

  • This is the only book of its kind that helps nurses use the nursing literature effectively to solve patient problems.
  • Three-step approach to dissecting a problem - to help find the best evidence and improve patient care, most questions can be divided into three parts: (1) Are the results valid? (2) What are the results? and (3) How can I apply the results to patient care?
  • Part One - The Basics: Using the Nursing Literature provides a basic approach to the problems faced by nurses when determining optimal care, predicting patient progress, and protecting patients from potentially harmful side effects and includes a literature assessment summary and management recommendations.
  • Part Two - Beyond the Basics: Using and Teaching the Principles of Evidence-Based Nursing expands on Part One, providing concrete examples through the presentation of cases.
  • Two-part organization helps both beginners and those more accomplished at using the nursing literature.
  • Clinical Scenario provides a brief but detailed description of a clinical situation that requires the application of research through a critical thinking process.
  • Using the Guide examines a clinical scenario, and then evaluates the way in which research findings are collected, analyzed, and applied to the resolution of the problem presented in the scenario.
  • Free CD-ROM contains everything found in the book, allowing for electronic outlining, content filtering, full-text searching, and alternative content organizations.
 

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Contents

USING THE NURSING LITERATURE
3
Moving From Evidence to Action
154
Changing Nursing Practice in
170
Surrogate Outcomes
222
Surprising Results
237
The Principle of Intention
245
When to Believe a Subgroup
251
Health Services Research
265
Understanding the Results
395
Understanding the Results
397
Measures of Association
407
Hypothesis Testing
423
Confidence Intervals
432
Measuring Agreement Beyond
446
Regression and Correlation
455
Moving From Evidence
467

Health Services Research
266
Economic Evaluation
298
Computer Decision Support
318
Diagnosis
339
Summarizing the Evidence
371
Summarizing the Evidence Through Systematic Reviews
373
Evaluating Differences in Study
381
Effects Models
388
Moving From Evidence to Action
469
Applying Results to Individual
481
Incorporating Patient Values
490
Interpreting Levels of Evidence
508
Screening
526
Appendix
542
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About the author (2005)

Gordon Guyatt, MD, MSc
Departments of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Medicine
Faculty of Health Sciences
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario

Drummond Rennie, MD
"JAMA", Chicago, IL
Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Maureen O. Meade, MD, FRCPC, MSc
Departments of Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Faculty of Health Sciences
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario

Deborah J. Cook, MD, MSc
Department of Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Faculty of Health Sciences
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario

Nicky Cullum is Director of the Centre for Evidence Based Nursing at the University of York, UK and formerly UK Editor of Evidence Based Nursing.


Donna Ciliska is Professor, School of Nursing, McMaster University, Canada, and Editor, Evidence-Based Nursing


Brian Haynes is Professor and Chair, Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics and Medicine, McMaster University, Canada and Co-ordinating Editor, Evidence Based Nursing


Susan Marks is Senior Research Associate, Evidence Based Nursing.

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