Evolution and Environment in Tropical America
Jeremy B. C. Jackson, Ann F. Budd, Anthony G. Coates
University of Chicago Press, Dec 15, 1996 - Science - 425 pages
How were the tropical Americas formed? This ambitious volume draws on extensive, multidisciplinary research to develop new views of the geological formation of the isthmus linking North and South America and of the major environmental changes that reshaped the Neotropics to create its present-day marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
Recent discoveries show that dramatic changes in climate and ocean circulation can occur very quickly, and that ecological communities respond just as rapidly. Abrupt changes in the composition of fossil assemblages, formerly dismissed as artifacts of a poor fossil record, now are seen as accurate records of swift changes in the composition of ocean communities.
The twenty-four contributors use current work in paleontology, geology, oceanography, anthropology, ecology, and evolution to paint this challenging portrait of rapid environmental and evolutionary change. Their conclusions argue for a revision of existing interpretations of the fossil record and the processes—including invading Eurasian peoples—that have produced it.
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Evolution and Environment Introduction and Overview
The Geologic Evolution of the Central American Isthmus
Graphic Correlation of Marine Deposits from the Central American Isthmus Implications for Late Neogene Paleooceanography
Biotic and Oceanographic Response to the Pliocene Closing of the Central American Isthmus
The Oxygen Isotopic Record of Seasonality in Neogene Bivalves from the Central American Isthmus
Environmental Changes in Caribbean Shallow Waters Relative to the Closing Tropical American Seaway
PlioPleistocene Turnover and Extinctions in the Caribbean ReefCoral Fauna
Speciation Extinction and the Decline of Arborescent Growth in Neogene and Quaternary Cheilostome Bryozoa of Tropical America
Paciphilia Revisited Transisthmian Evolution of the Strombina Group Gastropoda Columbellidae
Diversity of PlioceneRecent Mollusks in the Western Atlantic Extinction Origination and Environmental Change
Molecular Comparisons of Transisthmian Species Pairs Rates and Patterns of Evolution
Late Cenozoic Evolution of the Neotropical Mammal Fauna
Quaternary Environmental History and Forest Diversity in the Neotropics
List of Contributors
Allmon Amazon Basin assemblages Atlantic Coastal Plain benthic Bocas del Toro Budd Bull carbonate Caribbean Cayo Agua cene Cenozoic Central American Isthmus changes chap Cheetham climate Coastal Plain Cocos Ridge Colinvaux Collins cooling correlation Costa Rica Cronin deposits diversity Dowsett Duque-Caro Early Pliocene eastern Pacific ecological environmental environments Eocene Escudo evolution evolutionary extinction fauna Florida Foraminifera foraminifers forest Formation fossil gastropods Gatun geminate genera geographic Geol Geological glacial interval Jackson Jung Late Miocene Late Neogene Limon Basin lowlands mammal marine Metrarabdotos Middle Miocene molecular clock mollusks Neogene North Atlantic northern occurred Ocean Oligocene ostracode Paleoceanography Paleontol paleontology patterns Pinecrest planktonic Plio Plio-Pleistocene Pliocene pollen Quaternary range rates record region Rio Banano salinity sampling savanna seaway sediments sequence shallow shell Sincola South America southern speciation species stratigraphic Strombina Strombina Strombina strombinid Stylopoma taxa tectonic temperature tion turnover upwelling Vermeij Webb western Atlantic