Excavations at Cerro Azul, Peru: the architecture and pottery
Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Apr 1, 2008 - Architecture - 332 pages
This volume is the final site report on the architecture and pottery of Late Intermediate Cerro Azul. During the course of excavation, the University of Michigan Project excavated two tapia buildings in their entirety, saving every sherd from every room, walled work area, feature, and midden. The Project determined the function of every room, including those whose functions changed over time, owing to seismic damage. The types of rooms include residential (both elite and commoner), general storage, a kitchen/brewery with large-scale production of chichi, a guinea pig pen, specialized fish storage rooms, and open courts for weaving. The Cerro Azul pottery was analyzed using the type-variety system, with petrographic analyses of local and nonlocal varieties by James Stoltman. The percentages of pottery types varied room by room, not only chronologically but also according to room function. Primary, secondary, and tertiary deposits were distinguished and showed quantifiable differences. Every sherd from every room of every excavated building was classified and counted, including not only the decorated vessels but also all the utilitarian wares, which were often omitted in earlier Andean studies. The Cerro Azul volume is extensively illustrated, showing both the details of the tapia architecture and the individual pottery collections from each room and midden.
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The Architecture and Layout of Late Intermediate Cerro Azul
Late Intermediate Pottery Types
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5cm Figure atypical orange variety black and white Black Standard Variety burial cists Camacho Black Standard Camacho Reddish Brown cambered rim Canete Ceramics Cerro Azul Cerro Camacho Chincha Cirilo Cruz cist Collca cooking pot excavation exterior Feature 20 fill of Room fire-blackened flaring rim floor of Room funnel neck globular jar hemispherical bowl highly burnished variety Huarco Inka interior Jar body sherds jar neck jar or amphora jar rim Jar shoulder jar with everted Jars with cambered Kroeber large jar Late Intermediate latite maize midden motif natural buff North Central Canchon painted black painted in black phenocrysts Pingiiino Buff Figure Pingiiino Buff jar Pingiiino Buff vessels plagioclase plain rim pots with restricted pottery radiocarbon date Reddish Brown Figure Reddish Brown jar restricted orifice rim Figure rim from jar rim sherd sand set strap handle Southwest Canchon Structure 9 surface tapia wall Terrace 11 Trambollo Burnished Brown white on natural Zone