Exchange and Power in Social Life
Routledge, 29 sep. 2017 - 372 pagina's
In his landmark study of exchange and power in social life, Peter M. Blau contributes to an understanding of social structure by analyzing the social processes that govern the relations between individuals and groups. The basic question that Blau considers is: How does social life become organized into increasingly complex structures of associations among humans.This analysis, first published in 1964, represents a pioneering contribution to the sociological literature. Blau uses concepts of exchange, reciprocity, imbalance, and power to examine social life and to derive the more complex processes in social structure from the simpler ones. The principles of reciprocity and imbalance are used to derive such processes as power, changes in group structure; and the two major forces that govern the dynamics of complex social structures: the legitimization of organizing authority of increasing scope and the emergence of oppositions along different lines producing conflict and change.
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achievement advantage alternative analysis attraction authority become behavior bilateral monopoly chapter cognitive dissonance colleagues command commitment competition compliance conflict contract curve contributions cost create demand for advice depends derived disapproval distinctive economic effect entails Erving Goffman exchange relations exchange transactions expectations exploitation express favors forces furnish Georg Simmel give Glencoe group members Homans Ibid ideals ideology imbalance impressive incentives increase indifference curves individual’s individuals influence ingroup institutionalized institutions interest intrinsic investments leadership Leon Festinger less macrosociological macrostructures man’s mobility obligations obtain one’s opposition movement organized collectivities other’s particularistic values party perfect competition person political position pressure principle processes of social produce profits receive reciprocate requires respect significance social approval social associations social class social exchange social interaction social norms social relations social rewards social structure society stratum subordinates substructures superior status Talcott Parsons tends theory universalistic standards whereas workers