Experimental Methods in Psychology
This text focuses on the experimental methods and the associated terminology encountered in the research literature of psychology. Initially, the content is kept simple, so as not to distract from the information on research technique and philosophy. Interesting psychological questions from well researched areas are then examined in detail, permitting a fuller discussion of the problems encountered in specific paradigms. It is in this fashion that the book offers both methods and content.
Unique features of this text include:
* a detailed discussion of the process of theorizing, coupled with a close examination of psychological constructs, offers the reader an opportunity to see how psychologists think about, develop, and modify their theories, and the part played by research in changing explanations of behavior.
* Although it is common for psychologists to be self-conscious in their reasoning, it is uncommon to see an analysis of the logic that they use to draw conclusions. Presenting material that is rarely verbalized but readily acknowledged by experienced researchers, the text contains an overt analysis of the logic of drawing conclusions from research.
* Instructors are given a choice among 15 chapters to focus on or combine to suit the course's concentration. For example, instructors have the option of focusing on experimental psychology or a broad-based course including material on research methods in experimental, social, clinical, and applied psychology.
* Courses in experimental psychology or research methods are required for every psychology major. Statistical understanding is vital for this curriculum, and this text contains a comprehensive chapter on statistics making it ideal for courses that combine statistics and experimental methods.
Other important coverage includes:
* an all-inclusive summary of the material found in an introductory statistics class. Although courses in research methods and experimental psychology usually have a statistics prerequisite, the students rarely remember the material when entering the research course. This text provides the instructor with the option of simply assigning the statistics information as a review, rather than repeating the lectures. If the course requirements are such as to necessitate a joint statistics and research methods course -- with the instructor lecturing on both topics -- this text could serve as the single text for the course. A helpful discussion -- accompanied by a valuable table -- demonstrates how to choose an appropriate statistic. All necessary formulas and other familiar statistical procedures -- illustrating computational steps -- are also featured.
* a detailed discussion of how to develop tests for use in research. Aside from the value of this information for any researcher, it can be particularly helpful to students who are required to develop original experiments.
* an elaborate discussion of methodological issues in outcome research, using smoking cessation and weight reduction programs as examples.
Test bank disks for Experimental Methods in Psychology, -- free to adopters -- consist of an average of six short-answer, 11 fill-in-the-blank, and 11 multiple-choice questions for each chapter. The files are in both ASCII and Word-for-Windows formats.
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THE FUNCTION OF RESEARCH METHODS
THINKING OF THE WORLD IN TERMS
THE POSSIBILITY OF DEFINING THE SAME VARIABLE
AVOIDANCE OF CONFOUNDING FACTORS RULE
STATISTICAL TESTS RULE
A SECOND IMPROPER DESIGN ONEGROUP
VISIBLE PERSISTENCE INFORMATIONAL PERSISTENCE
A CLOSE LOOK AT THE METHODS
ADDITIONAL FACTORS INFLUENCING MENUAIDED
APPLYING EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS TO MENU DESIGN
TESTING THEORIES WHEN
THE SOLOMON FOURGROUP DESIGN
INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL VALIDITY
DISTRIBUTIONS OF z AND t
AND TYPE II ERRORS
DESIGNING AND INTERPRETING
INTERACTIONS IN MULTIFACTOR DESIGNS
REMOVING ORDER AS A SOURCE OF VARIABILITY IN REPEATED
INDIRECTLY CONFIRMING UNOBSERVABLE EVENTS
DETECTION DISCRIMINATION AND THE THEORY
NONSENSORY FACTORS AND BIAS
THE SPERLING PARADIGM
ADDITIONAL MEASURES OF ICONRELATED VISUAL
LIKERT AND OTHER DIRECT RATING SCALES
THE PHYSICAL FORM OF SCALES
THE TRADITIONAL USE OF PLACEBO CONTROL GROUPS
DESCRIBING FORMS OF TREATMENT
TABLE OF PROBABILITIES UNDER THE NORMAL
CRITICAL VALUES OF CHISQUARE
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affirming the consequent alternative distribution analysis of variance anxiety asked Assume behavior cell chapter cognitive dissonance column completely randomized design conclusions confounding factors control condition control group correlation criterion critical value defined dependent variable discussed display example expected experiment experimental exposure duration false alarms feature integration theory iconic memory identified increase independent indicate individual interaction internal letters levels logic manipulated variable means measure mental rotation menu Metzler modus tollens msec noise null hypothesis number of items observed offers operational definition outcome pair partial report persistence person placebo placebo control positive set possible predictions present pretesting problem procedures psychological question randomly reaction relationship response sample scores simple effects situation smoking social specific standard deviation standard error statistical significance statistical test Sternberg subject variables suggested task test stimulus therapy tion treatment trials Type I error validity vary visual
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