Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence in Decision Support Systems: Proceedings of the Second Mini Euroconference, Lunteren, The Netherlands, 17–20 November 1985
Henk G. Sol, Cees A.Th. Takkenberg, Pieter F. de Vries Robbé
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 1987 - Computers - 330 pages
In 1985 it was 20 years since Nobel Laureate Herbert A. Simon published: 'THE SHAPE OF AUTOMATION: For Men and Management'. This short but important and still topical book dwells on three subjects: - The Long-Range Economic Effects of Automation; - Will the Corporation be Managed by Machines? - The New Science of Management Decision. In contrast with George Orwell, who was a critic of contemporary political systems rather than a prophet, Simon portrays a far more rosy picture of our 'brave new world'. Simon's work breathes optimism. First, computer technology; looking back it is aoubtful whether even the professor expected the hardware development ~e have wittnessed. Secondly, our ability to 'tame the beast'; there is now not much reason for complacency and satisfaction. Offices and factories can by no means be called automated, at most semi-automated. Thirdly the organizational and social implications of these rapid technological developments; referring to what he then called: 'The Computer and the new decision making techniques ..• ' Concerning this last point, there is little need to emphasize that had been less practical application in organizations than the often impressive theoretical developments would lead one to believe. In Europe this situation is even more accute than in the USA and Japan. The ESPRIT programme of the ECC and many similar national programs intend to bridge the gap.
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OPERATIONAL EXPERT AND INTELLIGENT
A DISCIPLINE OR A VISION?
A Complementary Relationship?
A Broad View Illustrates When to Include Expert Systems
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO BUILDING PLANNING AND SIMULATION MODELS
KNOWLEDGEBASED FORMULATION OF LINEAR PLANNING MODELS
LINGUISTIC EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS FOR DECISION SUPPORT
MICROCOMPUTER BASED EXPERT SYSTEM SHELLS THE SPREADSHEETS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
EXTENSIONS TO THE EXPERT SYSTEM SHELL DELFI2
A SKELETAL PASCAL EXPERT SYSTEM
DECIDEX A MULTIEXPERT SYSTEM FOR STRATEGIC DECISIONS
A KNOWLEDGE BASED APPROACH TO BUSINESS PLANNING
KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION FROM USER PROGRAMS BY COMPUTER WITH OWN KNOWLEDGEBASED SYSTEM
ANALYSIS OF POTENTIAL FOR NEW PLACES OF BUSINESS
THE SHAPING OF MANAGEMENT DECISION SCIENCE WITH INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY
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abbot activities algorithm analysis ANIMAL applications approach Artificial Intelligence ASPES automation backward chaining basic clause concept constraints construction critical action data base DECIDEX decision process Decision Support Systems decision tree defined definition DELFI-2 denoted described domain of responsibility equation example expert system expression G fav fav fav formulation forward chaining framework fuzzy sets given heuristic human included inference engine Information Systems Intelligence in Decision interface knowledge base knowledge representation knowledge-based systems linguistic logic programming machine management decision management system management tools mathematical model type monks MYCIN nodes object operations research organizational parallel planning possible problem domain problem solving procedure production rules Prolog reasoning relations relevant represented semantic semantic net simulation solution specific Sprague stored strategy structural components subproblems symbolic expression task techniques user program values variables wait(s