Expert Witnesses: Criminologists in the Courtroom
Patrick R. Anderson, Latham Thomas Winfree
SUNY Press, 1987 - Law - 237 pages
For the first time a book documents the judicial system's new dependence on social science testimony, especially that rendered by sociologists and criminologists. In Expert Witnesses contributors show that unlike traditional forensics testimony, the intrusion of social science data into judicial decision-making has relatively recent origins. It details the uses and abuses of social science experts, and the ethical and pragmatic concerns raised by their testimony. This timely collection will appeal to a diverse audience, including attorneys, judges, and students of judicial proceedings.
Included in this volume are historical examinations of the expert witnessing phenomenon, the legal, social, and ethical debates regarding the appropriate role of such witnesses, and anecdotal descriptions by eminent social science experts. The authors address such pragmatic issues as an attorney's perspective on finding the most appropriate expert or formulating the "best" questions to ask in court, and an expert's perspective on getting aid or terminating a nonworking attorney-expert relationship.
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Foundations of Expert Witnessing Who Does What and Why?
Services of Experts in the Conduct of Judicial Inquiries
Scholarship in the Courtroom The Criminologist as Expert Witness
The Social Scientist in Court
Pragmatism and Advocacy in Criminal Justice Expert Witnessing
On Being an Expert Witness Practicing Social Science in the Courtroom
Criminal Justice Scholars as Expert Witnesses A Descriptive Analysis
Expert Witnesses and Unresolved Issues Views on the Future of Criminology in the Courtroom
All That Glitters is Not Necessarily Gold Negative Consequences of Expert Witnessing in Criminal Justice
The Needs of the Judiciary and Misapplication of Social Science Research The Case of Female Guards in Mens Prisons
The Role of the Expert on Prison Conditions The Battle of Footnotes in Rhodes v Chapman
The Ethics of Testimony Conflicting Views on the Role of the Criminologist as Expert Witness
Cases and Codes
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academic adversary adversary system agency experience Alschuler analysis areas attorneys authors behavior capital punishment Chapman Chapter compensation conduct convicted court courtroom covariates criminal justice criminal justice scholars Criminologist as Expert criminologists cross-examination death penalty decision defendant defense attorneys degree discrimination effects Eighth Amendment ethical evidence examination expert opinion expert testimony expert witness expertise F.Supp factors facts federal fees female guards individuals inmates innocence project insanity defense involved issues judge judicial jurors jury lawyers litigation Maxwell nonexperts party experts percent personal-biographical plaintiffs police departments Police Expert police officers potential practice presented prior prison guards problems professional prosecutor questions Radelet random sample rape reported respondents Rhodes role Rule scholar-expert science experts scientific sentencing significant Skovron and Scott snowball sampling social science social science research social scientist standards statistical subgroup testify Thomas Winfree tion trial variables victim Wolfgang