Expert Witnesses: Criminologists in the Courtroom

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Patrick R. Anderson, Latham Thomas Winfree
SUNY Press, 1987 - Law - 237 pages
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For the first time a book documents the judicial system's new dependence on social science testimony, especially that rendered by sociologists and criminologists. In Expert Witnesses contributors show that unlike traditional forensics testimony, the intrusion of social science data into judicial decision-making has relatively recent origins. It details the uses and abuses of social science experts, and the ethical and pragmatic concerns raised by their testimony. This timely collection will appeal to a diverse audience, including attorneys, judges, and students of judicial proceedings.

Included in this volume are historical examinations of the expert witnessing phenomenon, the legal, social, and ethical debates regarding the appropriate role of such witnesses, and anecdotal descriptions by eminent social science experts. The authors address such pragmatic issues as an attorney's perspective on finding the most appropriate expert or formulating the "best" questions to ask in court, and an expert's perspective on getting aid or terminating a nonworking attorney-expert relationship.
 

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Contents

Prologue
xv
Foundations of Expert Witnessing Who Does What and Why?
1
Services of Experts in the Conduct of Judicial Inquiries
4
Scholarship in the Courtroom The Criminologist as Expert Witness
9
The Social Scientist in Court
20
Pragmatism and Advocacy in Criminal Justice Expert Witnessing
36
On Being an Expert Witness Practicing Social Science in the Courtroom
59
Criminal Justice Scholars as Expert Witnesses A Descriptive Analysis
62
Expert Witnesses and Unresolved Issues Views on the Future of Criminology in the Courtroom
135
All That Glitters is Not Necessarily Gold Negative Consequences of Expert Witnessing in Criminal Justice
138
The Needs of the Judiciary and Misapplication of Social Science Research The Case of Female Guards in Mens Prisons
154
The Role of the Expert on Prison Conditions The Battle of Footnotes in Rhodes v Chapman
167
The Ethics of Testimony Conflicting Views on the Role of the Criminologist as Expert Witness
178
Epilogue
201
Bibliography
209
Cases and Codes
223

Social Scientists as Expert Witnesses Their Use Misuse and Sometimes Abuse
73
Police Expert Witnesses
100
Sociologists as Expert Witnesses in Capital Cases A Case Study
119
About the Authors
227
Index
231
Copyright

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About the author (1987)

Patrick R. Anderson is Professor of Criminology at Florida Southern College.

L. Thomas Winfree, Jr. is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at New Mexico State University.

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