Expertise Out of Context: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making
Robert R. Hoffman
Psychology Press, Sep 10, 2012 - Business & Economics - 560 pages
Researchers have revealed that real expertise, while applied to well-defined tasks with highly circumscribed contexts, often stretches beyond its routine boundaries. For example, a medical doctor may be called upon to diagnose a rare disease or perform emergency surgery outside his or her area of specialization because other experts are not available. Moreover, in some cases, the context for expertise is in a constant state of flux, such that no one case is identical. Expertise Out of Context is a culmination of some of the most insightful studies conducted by researchers in the fields of cognitive systems engineering and naturalistic decision making in the effort to better understand expertise and its development.
Born out of the Sixth International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making, a conference that gathers researchers who study cognition, perception, and reasoning outside of the traditional laboratory, this book is organized in five parts, the first of which provides an overview of the topic and presents varied perspectives. Consequent sections cover how to make sense of things, tools for thinking out of context, how to cope with uncertainty in a changing workplace, and teams operating out of context.
As researchers in naturalistic decision making have investigated such areas as the knowledge and decision-making skills of expert firefighters, critical care nurses, military commanders, and aircraft pilots, this volume is of importance to an expansive audience, including individuals in business, government, industry, and society at large.
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Expertise Out of Context: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference ...
Robert R. Hoffman
No preview available - 2007
abductive reasoning action activity approach assessment Bayesian Bayesian inference behavior Bridgeton challenges cognitive systems engineering cognitive task analysis command communication complex computational model concept context coordination critical thinking critical-thinking cues cultural decision makers decision-making described develop domain drill dynamic effective elicitation Endsley environment Ergonomics Society evaluation example expert apprentice expertise feedback focus frame functions goal Hoffman Human Factors human–computer interaction identify incident individual initial intelligence analysts interaction interviews investigation Klein knowledge Lawrence Erlbaum Associates leaders leadership learning Mahwah ment mental models methods military multicultural teams multinational Naturalistic Decision observations operations organization participants performance phase Press problem Psychology reasoning relevant role Salas scenario sensemaking SFOR simulation sion situation awareness skills specific strategies structure tactical team adaptation team members techniques theory tion tional types understanding weather forecasting