Explanation: Theoretical Approaches and Applications
For some years we have been conducting at the University of Haifa an interdisciplinary seminar on explanation in philosophy and psychology. We habitually begin the seminar with some philosophical reflections on explanation - an analysis of the concept and its metaphysical underpinnings. We discuss the various models and proceed to examine explanation in the setting of psychology. Thus, from the outset, we have focused not only on the concept itself but also on its application. The objective that we have set for the seminar, attended by students from both departments, Philosophy and Psychology, has been a critical understanding of the concept of explanation, its use and limitations. We were keen on deepening our understanding of the concept and on exploring its applications in fields of knowledge other than psychology. This was the motivation for convening an international conference on explanation and its application. The conference took place in the spring of 1998 under the auspices of the University of Haifa. The present book is the fruit of this meeting. The reader should note that the second part of the Introduction presents a detailed analytical account of the book. We hope that this overview will facilitate efficient use of the book by directing the reader's attention to those issues that might be of interest to him or her.
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PETER LIPTON What Good is An Explanation?
PETER LIPTON Is Explanation A Guide to Inference?
ORNA HARARIESHEL Knowledge and Explanation in
AARON BENZEEV The Explanation of Emotions
SAM S RAKOVER The DeductiveReconstruction Method
BENJAMIN BEITHALLAHMI Explaining Religious
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according account of explanation aesthetic order analysis approach archaeologists argument Aristotle Aristotle's theory Bayes's theorem Bayesian beauty behavior Beit-Hallahmi believe Best Explanation Catch model causal causes claims cognitive psychology comet common complexity conclusion D-R method deductive Deductive-Nomological model definition determine discussion distinction emotions entailment error evidence example experience experimental explanandum explanationist explanatory considerations fact function H-D method Hempel human hypothesis interpretation ISBN knowledge laws likeliness Lipton logical loveliness means mechanisms mental processes Mill's methods model of explanation modern nature Nisbett and Wilson notion object observed Oxford particular perceptual phenomena phenomenon philosophical Philosophy of Science photoelectric effect Posterior Analytics posterior probability potential explanation prediction premises principle prior probabilities psychology quasars question Rakover reason reconstruction religion religious Salmon scientific explanation scientists secularization Similarity rule syllogism syllogistic target face Task theory test face theoretical truth-value University of Haifa University Press Wesley Salmon
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