Extremely Violent Societies: Mass Violence in the Twentieth-Century World
In this groundbreaking book Christian Gerlach traces the social roots of the extraordinary processes of human destruction involved in mass violence throughout the twentieth century. He argues that terms such as 'genocide' and 'ethnic cleansing' are too narrow to explain the diverse motives and interests that cause violence to spread in varying forms and intensities. From killings and expulsions to enforced hunger, collective rape, strategic bombing, forced labour and imprisonment he explores what happened before, during, and after periods of widespread bloodshed in countries such as Armenia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nazi-occupied Greece and in anti-guerilla wars worldwide in order to highlight the crucial role of socio-economic pressures in the generation of group conflicts. By focussing on why so many different people participated in or supported mass violence, and why different groups were victimized, he offers us a new way of understanding one of the most disturbing phenomena of our times.
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Algeria anti-guerrilla warfare April areas armed Armenian Genocide Australian Embassy Jakarta Awami League Bali Bangla Bangladesh Bengali Biharis British Central Java Chaudhuri Chinese Chittagong Hill Tracts civil communists communities conflict Consulate Counterinsurgency Cribb crisis Dacca death December Desh destruction East Java East Pakistan East Timor economic elites ethnic extremely violent societies famine Firdousi forced foreign FRG Embassy German Greece Greek groups Guatemala guerrilla Harput Hindus INDON Indonesia Indonesian Upheaval insurgency International Islam January Jews Kenya killed labor land leftists London Malaya Malayan Emergency March Mascarenhas mass violence massacres Mazower MfAA military militias million murder Muslim NARA Niazi non-Bengalis November October official organizations Ottoman Pakistani army party peasants People’s percent persecution policies political population Quaderi quote rape refugees resettlement RPKAD rural Sarafian Savingram social Suharto Sukarno tion troops University Press victims Vietnam villages Völkermord West women York