Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception

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G. Underwood
Elsevier, Jul 16, 1998 - Psychology - 466 pages
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The distinguished contributors to this volume have been set the problem of describing how we know where to move our eyes. There is a great deal of current interest in the use of eye movement recordings to investigate various mental processes. The common theme is that variations in eye movements indicate variations in the processing of what is being perceived, whether in reading, driving or scene perception. However, a number of problems of interpretation are now emerging, and this edited volume sets out to address these problems. The book investigates controversies concerning the variations in eye movements associated with reading ability, concerning the extent to which text is used by the guidance mechanism while reading, concerning the relationship between eye movements and the control of other body movements, the relationship between what is inspected and what is perceived, and concerning the role of visual control attention in the acquisition of complex perceptual-motor skills, in addition to the nature of the guidance mechanism itself.
The origins of the volume are in discussions held at a meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP) that was held in Wurzburg in September 1996. The discussions concerned the landing effect in reading, an effect, that if substantiated, would provide evidence of the use of parafoveal information in eye guidance, and these discussions were explored in more detail at a small meeting in Chamonix, in February 1997. Many of the contributors to this volume were present at the meeting, but the arguments were not resolved in Chamonix either. Other leaders in the field were invited to contribute to the discussion, and this volume is the product. The argument remains unresolved, but the problem is certainly clearer.
 

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Contents

Reading Visual Search Picture Perception and Driving
1
Chapter 2 Definition and Computation of Oculomotor Measures in the Study of Cognitive Processes
29
Chapter 3 Eye Movements and Measures of Reading Time
55
Chapter 4 Determinants of Fixation Positions in Words During Reading
77
Chapter 5 About Regressive Saccades in Reading and Their Relation to Word Identification
101
Implications for Theories of Eye Movement Control in Reading
125
Evidence for a Processing TradeOff
149
Chapter 8 Parafoveal Pragmatics
181
Chapter 13 Eye Guidance and Visual Search
295
Objects Popping Out of Schemas
313
Moving Masks and Moving Windows
337
Chapter 16 Film Perception The Processing of Film Cuts
357
Event Types and the Role of Experience in Viewing Driving Situations
369
Chapter 18 How Much Do Novice Drivers See? The Effects of Demand on Visual Search Strategies in Novice and Experienced Drivers
395
Chapter 19 The Development of the Eye Movement Strategies of Learner Drivers
419
Chapter 20 What the Drivers Eye Tells the Cars Brain
431

Chapter 9 Foveal Processing Load and Landing Position Effects in Reading
201
Chapter 10 Individual Differences in Reading and Eye Movement Control
223
An Overview and Model
243
An Overview
269

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About the author (1998)

Geoffrey Underwood is Head of the Department of Psychology at the University of Nottingham. His areas of research include eyetracking, specifically in the contexts of accident research and in reading, and the interaction of children with computers and each other in the classroom.

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