Eye Guidance in Reading and Scene Perception
Elsevier, Jul 16, 1998 - Psychology - 466 pages
The distinguished contributors to this volume have been set the problem of describing how we know where to move our eyes. There is a great deal of current interest in the use of eye movement recordings to investigate various mental processes. The common theme is that variations in eye movements indicate variations in the processing of what is being perceived, whether in reading, driving or scene perception. However, a number of problems of interpretation are now emerging, and this edited volume sets out to address these problems. The book investigates controversies concerning the variations in eye movements associated with reading ability, concerning the extent to which text is used by the guidance mechanism while reading, concerning the relationship between eye movements and the control of other body movements, the relationship between what is inspected and what is perceived, and concerning the role of visual control attention in the acquisition of complex perceptual-motor skills, in addition to the nature of the guidance mechanism itself.
The origins of the volume are in discussions held at a meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP) that was held in Wurzburg in September 1996. The discussions concerned the landing effect in reading, an effect, that if substantiated, would provide evidence of the use of parafoveal information in eye guidance, and these discussions were explored in more detail at a small meeting in Chamonix, in February 1997. Many of the contributors to this volume were present at the meeting, but the arguments were not resolved in Chamonix either. Other leaders in the field were invited to contribute to the discussion, and this volume is the product. The argument remains unresolved, but the problem is certainly clearer.
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Chapter 3 Eye Movements and Measures of Reading Time
Chapter 4 Determinants of Fixation Positions in Words During Reading
Chapter 5 About Regressive Saccades in Reading and Their Relation to Word Identification
Implications for Theories of Eye Movement Control in Reading
Evidence for a Processing TradeOff
Chapter 8 Parafoveal Pragmatics
Chapter 13 Eye Guidance and Visual Search
Objects Popping Out of Schemas
Moving Masks and Moving Windows
Chapter 16 Film Perception The Processing of Film Cuts
Event Types and the Role of Experience in Viewing Driving Situations
Chapter 18 How Much Do Novice Drivers See? The Effects of Demand on Visual Search Strategies in Novice and Experienced Drivers
Chapter 19 The Development of the Eye Movement Strategies of Learner Drivers
Chapter 20 What the Drivers Eye Tells the Cars Brain
analysis Balota behaviour Chapter cognitive processes covert attention d’Ydewalle difﬁculty dyslexia dyslexics editing errors experienced drivers experiment Experimental Psychology extrafoveal eye guidance eye movement control factors Feature integration theory ﬁeld ﬁlm ﬁndings ﬁrst pass ﬁxated ﬁxation durations ﬁxation location ﬁxation position foveal processing function gaze duration gaze shift Henderson Human Perception identiﬁed implausible inﬂuence Inhoff initial ﬁxation initial trigram interaction Journal of Experimental landing position launch letters lexical linguistic Liversedge manipulation mask McConkie measures mental Psychology movements in reading O’Regan objects oculomotor parafoveal word pass reading pattern Perception and Performance Perception and Psychophysics peripheral plausibility Pollatsek preview Psychophysics Radach Rayner readers reﬁxation refixations reﬂect region regressive saccades relative clause Research road saccade length scene perception scene viewing scotoma sentence signiﬁcant skipped word speciﬁc stimulus strategy subjects suggest target word task Underwood variables vision visual search Vitu wiggle word frequency word length word skipping
Understanding Driving: Applying Cognitive Psychology to a Complex Everyday Task
John A. Groeger
No preview available - 2000