## FM theory & applications: by musicians for musicians |

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### Contents

FOREWORD | 5 |

SIMPLE FM The Theory | 55 |

SIMPLE FM The Practice | 83 |

Copyright | |

2 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

acoustic ample amplitude angle axis bandwidth Bessel coefficients Bessel functions carrier and modulating carrier frequency chapter combination side frequencies complex FM constant cycles per second detune effect envelope example feedback FM synthesis following X"-ample Freq Frequencies scaling frequency coarse frequency components frequency deviation frequency domain frequency modulation FREQUENCY OUTPUT frequency ratio fundamental graph half sampling rate harmonic series hear hypotenuse inharmonic inharmonic components INSTRUCTIONS integer keyboard modulating frequency modulating operator modulation index modulation wheel multiplied musical negative frequency notice octave odd order Lower order Lower Upper order side frequencies OUTPUT 99 output level parallel carriers parallel modulators phase pitch position Select algorithm produced psychoacoustics ref chap representation result Series synthesizer shown in Fig side band components side frequencies MD simple FM pair simple side frequencies sine wave sinusoid sound spectrum square wave Starting Step timbre tone velocity sensitivity vibrato depth vibrato rate voice waveform