Imagine No. 01: Facades
Looking at the development of fa ade technology, after 60 years of curtain wall systems, 30 years of element-fa ade systems and ten years of experience with the integration of environmental services in double fa ades, it is clear that the peak of optimization has been reached. No further technical developments can be expected by continuing to apply extra layers for each additional technical function. By understanding fa ades (or envelopes) as part of an integral building, we can see that creating the future envelope has to be done on a 'network' basis: employing systems and methods of thinking that provide the possibility to develop different aspects simultaneously, and to combine them as required. The envelope has to be seen as a functional part of the entire building, serving a part of the demand by providing the necessary technologies and qualities. In this regard, we must withdraw from material and structure-orientated thinking and construction, instead developing the envelope as a hybrid system. Materials, technologies and production processes have to be integrated in the summation and combined into an all-encompassing result. Fa adescomprises various themes covering strategic, material and technological developments. Aspects such as function integration, networking of elements, new structures and materials as well as the addition of functions to existing structures are investigated and explained in 85 examples.
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adaptable aluminum architects architectural office Arie Bergsma building technology BYUlrich Knaack KEYWORDS changes climate composite Coop Himmelb(l)au create Daan Rietbergen KEYWORDS Delft University Detmold elements envelope EXTRUSION MOLD façade construction façade service slot façade technology Faculty of Architecture fiber-reinforced concrete foil free-form FREELY CURVED Frei Otto FUNARIA HYGROMETRICA functions FUTURE FAÇADE PRINCIPLES idea IMAGINED BY Arie IMAGINED BY Linda IMAGINED BY Marcel IMAGINED BY Ulrich IMAGINED BYUlrich Knaack inside insulation integration interior space KEYWORDS layered construction KEYWORDS modular Kurt Cobain Lidia Badarnah light lightweight Linda Hildebrand SUPPORTED LIQUID FAÇADE load load-bearing low-cost Marcel Bilow KEYWORDS mold optic fibers plastics pneumatic possible production radiation rapid manufacturing reacts realized Rietbergen KEYWORDS layered roof sensors skin solar energy solar irradiation solutions sun-shading SUPPORTED BY Ulrich surface temperature textile thermal insulation thermal mass thermochrome Thiemo Ebbert Tillmann Klein Ulrich Knaack University of Technology unknown material ventilation waterproof window