Fabrication of Complex Optical Components: From Mold Design to Product

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Ekkard Brinksmeier, Oltmann Riemer, Ralf M. Gläbe
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 13, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 210 pages
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High quality optical components for consumer products made of glass and plastic are mostly fabricated by replication. This highly developed production technology requires several consecutive, well-matched processing steps called a "process chain" covering all steps from mold design, advanced machining and coating of molds, up to the actual replication and final precision measurement of the quality of the optical components. Current market demands for leading edge optical applications require high precision and cost effective parts in large volumes. For meeting these demands it is necessary to develop high quality process chains and moreover, to crosslink all demands and interdependencies within these process chains. The Transregional Collaborative Research Center "Process chains for the replication of complex optical elements" at Bremen, Aachen and Stillwater worked extensively and thoroughly in this field from 2001 to 2012. This volume will present the latest scientific results for the complete process chain giving a profound insight into present-day high-tech production.
 

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Contents

Total Quality Management in the Replication Process of Sophisticated Optical Elements
1
Mold Design for Complex Optical Plastics Components
12
Replication Processes and Plastic Materials
25
Freeform Machining of Molds for Replication of Plastic Optics
41
Mold Structuring by Diamond Machining
53
Diamond Machinable Tool Steels by Novel Nitriding Processes
67
Novel Processes for the Machining of Tool Inserts for Precision Glass Molding
85
Deterministic Polishing of Smooth and Structured Molds
99
Process Chain for the Replication of Complex Optical Glass Components
118
Deposition Machining and Measuring of Novel Hard Coatings
133
Insitu and Inprocess Metrology for Optical Surfaces
161
Metrology Past Present and Future with Reference to Optics and Manufacture
179
Author Index
207
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About the author (2012)

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. E. Brinksmeier, Professor for Manufacturing Technologies, University of Bremen; Director, Foundation Institute of Materials Science, IWT; Director, Laboratory for Precision Machining, LFM - Present research efforts include the areas of ultraprecision and micro machining (machining of optical molds, diamond machining of steel in optical quality and optical lightweight components), material dedicated machining (surface integrity, low distortion machining, difficult-to-machine materials), development of environmentally sound processes (focusing cutting fluids and energy saving processes), abrasives technologies (sensorized grinding wheels, grind hardening, polishing of molds), as well as modelling and simulation of machining processes.

Dr.-Ing. Ralf Gläbe - University of Bremen; Division: Manufacturing Technologies Department: Laboratory for Precision Machining.

Dr.-Ing. Oltmann Riemer, University of Bremen, Head of Laboratory for Precision Machining.

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