Stephen Neale presents a powerful, original examination of a cornerstone of modern philosophy: the idea that our thoughts and utterances are representations of reality, that accurate or true representations are those that correspond to the facts. Facing Facts will be crucial to future work in metaphysics, logic, and the philosophy of mind and language, and will have profound implications far beyond. -;Facing Facts is a powerful, original examination of attempts to dislodge a cornerstone of modern philosophy: the idea that our thoughts and utterances are representations of slices of reality. Representations that are accurate are usually said to be true, to correspond to the facts - this is the foundation of correspondence theories of truth. A number of prominent philosophers have tried to undermine the idea that propositions, facts and correspondence can play any useful role in philosophy, and formal arguments have been advanced to demonstrate that, under seemingly uncontroversial conditions, such entities collapse into an undifferentiated unity. The demise of individual facts is meant to herald the dawn of a new era in philosophy, in which debates about scepticism, realism, subjectivity, representational and computational theories of mind, possible worlds, and divergent conceptual schemes that represent reality in different ways to different persons, periods, or cultures evaporate through lack of subject matter.
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1 The End of Representation
Truth and Correspondence
Truth and Composition
Facts and Descriptions
Facts and Descriptions
7 Inference Principles
8 Logical Equivalence
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analysis anti appeal argued assumption axioms Catiline causal Cicero claim concept contextual definition correspond Davidson definite descriptions distinct entities example expressions extensional contexts F is G false formal formula free logic Frege Godel idea identity incomplete symbols inference principles involving linguistic logical form logically equivalent modal names natural language non-extensional notation notion noun phrases number of planets objects and events occur ontology philosophical position predicate premiss proof proposition propositional attitude PSLE PSST quantified noun Quine Quine’s realism reference referential replacing restricted quantifiers Rorty rule of inference Russell Russell’s Theory Russellian Santorin satisfied scope semantic theory sense sentence connectives sentences containing shorthand singular terms slingshot arguments Socrates statement structure substitution syntactic T-theory talk theorems Theory of Descriptions theory of facts theory of meaning theory of truth tion true sentences stand truth-functional truth-value Tully utterance variables verb