Factors Associated with Subsequent Pregnancy in HIV-infected Women and HIV-negative Women: Experience from Urban Zimbabwe
ProQuest, 2008 - 159 pages
Methods. The study was conducted at antenatal clinics in Chitungwiza, a high-density urban town on the outskirts of Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe, where HIV prevalence among pregnant women is estimated to be around 20%. Using a cross-sectional design, 79 HIV-positive women who had participated in PMTCT during their index pregnancy and 80 HIV-negative controls were interviewed in Shona using a standardized questionnaire 24 months after delivery of their index pregnancy. T-tests, Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare the two groups on all variables including demographics, index pregnancy, repeat pregnancy, and fertility attitude scores. Logistic regression was used to determine whether a relationship exists between repeat pregnancy and HIV-status, socio-economic status, age, fertility attitude score, and previous pregnancy outcomes.
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Factor Loadings from Principal Components Analysis of 8 Fertility
Comparative Demographic Data
Followup Pregnancy Data
To test whether there is a relationship between subsequent pregnancy
SPSS Logistic Regression Partial Output Block 4 Data
DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
additional children AIDS analysis ARV treatment associated babies Birth complications breastfeeding chi square child loss Child Replacement Theory Chitungwiza clinic Cohen & Montgomery condom contraceptive Control N=80 cultural death decreased delivery demographics Depo Provera disease progression economic factors family planning fear Femidom Fertility Attitude Scale Gregson HAART healthcare HIV diagnosis HIV disease HIV status HIV-infected women HIV-negative controls HIV-negative women HIV-positive and HIV-negative HIV-positive group HIV-positive participants HIV-positive women HIV/AIDS HIV+ house Rent increased index pregnancy infant infection likelihood Logistic regression maternal Mean SD miscarriage Morroni mortality mothers Msamanga negative controls Nevirapine Norplant number of children Overall PEPFAR perinatal population Pregnancy Data pregnancy outcomes prophylaxis Range Percentage relationship between subsequent repeat pregnancy reproductive choices resource-poor risk score Sedgh sexual Shona language social socioeconomic staff quarters stillbirth sub-Saharan Africa subsequent pregnancy Test value variables violence viral load women in sub-Saharan Zidovudine Zimbabwe Zimbabwean woman