Failed and Failing States: The Challenges to African Reconstruction
Muna Ndulo, Margaret Grieco
Cambridge Scholars, 2010 - Law - 217 pages
State collapse is one of the major threats to peace, stability, and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa today. In a collapsed state the regime finally wears out its ability to satisfy the demands of the various groups in society; it fails to govern or to keep the state together. The collapse is marked by the loss of control over political and economic space. A collapsed state can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders.
Efforts to avoid drawing other nations into a wider conflict created by the collapse of a state and creating favorable conditions for reconciliation and reconstruction of a failed state after it has collapsed present major challenges. In April, 2008 the Cornell Institute for African Development called a symposium on 'Failed and Failing States in Africa: Lessons from Darfur and Beyond' to address these critical issues. Key contributions to the symposium are brought together in this volume. Taken together these essays represent a significant discussion on the challenges presented by the presence of failing states within Africa.
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actors African Union Angola Arab attacks Bates Beijing Chad challenge China citizens civil society civil war onset civilians collapse conflict in Darfur countries crimes against humanity crisis in Darfur Darfur conflict Darfur crisis Darfur Peace democracy deployment economic effect elite failed failure onset Fearon and Laitin fiscal capacity force genocide global humanitarian crisis ibid implementation institutions insurgencies international community International Criminal Court International Crisis Group international law intervention Janjaweed judiciary justice Khartoum Liberia Masalit measures military militias Mission natural resources neopatrimonial NGOs oil exporter organizations Peace Agreement peacekeeping population post-conflict President Al Bashir primary commodities rebel groups refugees regime regional resolution resource curse responsibility to protect Robert role Rome Statute Rotberg rule of law rulers Rwanda SC Res Security Council Sierra Leone South strategy Sudanese government tax ratio tax revenue UNAMID United Nations UNSC variables Waal weak York Zaghawa