Failing to Compete: Technology Development and Technology Systems in Africa
Sanjaya Lall, Carlo Pietrobelli
Edward Elgar Pub., Jan 1, 2002 - Business & Economics - 268 pages
Despite years of liberalization, African manufacturing is conspicuously unable to compete in the global market. Its exports are minuscule, its response to competition is weak, technical efficiency is low and there are few signs of technological dynamism. Part of the problem, the authors argue, lies in the institutions designed to help firms import, use and improve technology. This unique study draws on extensive fieldwork assessing technology systems in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe in the context of their export competitiveness. Its emphasis is on the role of technology systems in building industrial competitiveness and in this it finds deficiencies in the systems in all these countries, though there are also significant differences between them. Comparisons are made with more successful economies, particularly those of East Asia, and policy implications are drawn for the strengthening of technology support systems. Central to the book is its combination of academic analysis with a strong policy focus - policy implications are drawn for each case-study country.
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African countries agencies Asia base cent Centre companies competitive coordinate COSTECH costs Cote d'lvoire CSIR developing countries economic engineering enrolments enterprises EPZs equipment export-oriented finance firms foreign investors free zone funding Ghana growth human capital implementation improve incentives Industrial Research industrial sector inflows innovation investment promotion IPAs KEBS Kenya KIRDI laboratories labour lack Lall levels liberalization linkages Malaysia manufactured exports Mauritius metrology million Ministry MNCs needs operations patents private sector programme projects R&D institutions rates regime region relatively Research Institute S&T policy Science and Technology skills SMEs Source South Africa staff standards strategy structure Sub-Saharan Africa Table Tanzania technical technological activity technological capabilities technological effort technology development technology infrastructure technology institutions technology transfer Thailand TIRDO trade Uganda UNCTAD Unilever upgrading weak World Bank Zambia Zimbabwe Zimbabwean