Failures and the Law: Structural Failure, Product Liability and Technical Insurance 5

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Routledge, Sep 2, 2003 - Architecture - 576 pages
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The interaction between engineering and the law is undergoing dramatic changes. Product liability, laws have been introduced in Japan, patent claims over living organisms have been made in bioengineering and the differing national laws of copyright protection and liability are in the process of harmonisation, especially in the European Union.
The pace and complexity of these changes make it essential for technologists, lawyers, engineers and insurance experts to establish a common basis for understanding, co-operation and exchange of expertise. The recently founded International Society for Technology, Law and Insurance aims to foster such co-operation.
This volume features 46 selected contributions which address various topical issues and the law. The most important issues relate to engineering risks, quality assurance and assessment and legal implications assiciated with them. Recent failure cases are explained and the technical, legal and insurance-related issues discussed in detail.
 

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Contents

PREVENTION OF HUMAN FAILURE
5
THE AMBIGUOUS NATURE OF THE TERMS HAZARD RISK AND DANGER AS USED BY THE LAY PUBLIC TECHNOLOGISTS AND ATTO...
23
ADEQUACY OF CONSUMER PRODUCT WARNINGS A LEGAL REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS
39
LANGUAGE AND FONT SIZES OF WARNINGS A REVIEW AND IMPLICATIONS
45
THE PRODUCT LIABILITY LAW IN JAPAN
51
ACTIVITY OF JAPANESE SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PRODUCT LIABILITY COMMITTEE
65
RELIABILITY RISK AND INSURANCE THREE SIDES OF A SPECIAL COIN
71
THE FORENSIC ENGINEERING STUDY OF CATASTROPHIC FAILURES IN THE UNITED STATES
79
EXPLOSION OF AN OIL TANK AT A THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT
347
STATISTICS OF TRANSMISSION PIPELINE FRACTURES
353
Materials and Failure Mechanisms
363
A FAILURE OF A MATERIAL OR OF ADVANCED TECHNICAL EDUCATION IMPLICATIONS OF AN UNEXPECTED MATERIAL FAILURE
365
APPLICATIONS OF AUTOMATIC LEARNING OF FAILURE CASES TO OPTIMAL RELIABILITY
369
INTELLIGENT SYSTEM OF FAILURE ANALYSIS
383
PRINCIPLES OF SYSTEM SYNTHESIS FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF RELIABILITY AND SAFETY CRITERIA
389
ON PRESTRESSED CONCRETE ELEMENTS REFLECTION ON CODE REQUIREMENTS AND PROPOSED SUPPLEMENTS
395

IMPROVED DESIGN THROUGH FAILURE ANALYSIS
93
USING FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS TO IMPROVE PRODUCT SAFETY
97
QUALITY ASSURANCE CONTRACTS NECESSARY DETAILS AND LIMITS OF RESPONSIBILITY
115
CAN PATENTING PREVENT FAILURE?
129
Case Studies
141
MULTIPLE FATALITIES CAUSED BY LOSS OF A TRACTORTRAILERS LOAD
143
FATIGUE IN TANK VEHICLES
153
USE OF RIGID BODY DYNAMICS THEORY TO RESOLVE A COMPLICATED PATENT LITIGATION CLAIM
161
A FATAL ACCIDENT CAUSED BY A SPINDLEKNUCKLE SEPARATION
187
CONCRETE DETERIORATION IN AN OLD OIL REFINERY IN THE ARABIAN GULF CASE STUDY
201
ENGINEERING ANALYSIS OF THE EXXON VALDEZ TRACKLINE PATH AND GROUNDING
211
HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING OF THE EXXON VALDEZ USING FULLSCALE SEA TRIALS
247
LIMITATION OF OPERATIONAL FORCES IN POWEROPERATED DOORS AND GATES
271
STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS OF STEP LADDERS FAILURE OF DEFECTIVE WOOD STEP
279
CASE STUDIES IN LIFTING EQUIPMENT
289
FRETTING CRACKING AND ITS PREVENTION APPLICATION IN TRANSMISSION LINE FATIGUE
301
ANALYSIS OF A POLYETHYLENE PLANT EXPLOSION
311
FAILURE ANALYSIS OF A VALVE AND COURT ROOM CONSEQUENCES
327
APPLICATION OF MONITORING TECHNOLOGY TO BRIDGE ASSESSMENT
413
COUPLING VIBRATION OF TURBOMACHINERY ROTOR BLADES AS A POSSIBLE CAUSE OF DISK RIM FAILURE
425
35 LIMITATIONS OF A KINEMATIC HARDENING MODEL FOR ASSESSING RATCHETTING FAILURES IN PRESSURISED PIPES
435
PROBABILISTIC PREDICTION OF FATIGUE LIFE IN THE SHORT CRACKS RANGE
443
STOCHASTIC ANALYSIS OF THE CREEP BEHAVIOUR OF MULTICOMPONENT SOLIDS
453
RELIABILITY EVALUATION OF COMPONENTS USING FRACTURE MECHANICS IN SPITE OF UNCERTAIN DATA
467
A PROPOSAL OF A QUALITY CONVENTION USED FOR DIMENSIONING OF STEEL STRUCTURES AGAINST FATIGUE FAILURE
475
QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFECTS OF SMALL DEFECTS AND NONMETALLIC INCLUSIONS ON FATIGUE STRENGTH OF MET...
483
REPRODUCIBILITY OF THE FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH RESISTANCE OF MATERIALS AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
497
THE ADVANTAGES OF VERY FINE GRAIN SIZE STEELS
505
DETERMINING THE RELIABILITY OF TRANSPORT FACILITY ELEMENTS USING FATIGUE TESTING EQUIPMENT TO SERVICE
515
PREDICTION OF DYNAMIC LOAD INPUTS FOR FINITE ELEMENT MODELS
523
ASSESSMENT OF FATIGUE FAILURES FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL JOINTS UNDER VIBRATION LOAD
533
MEASURING METHOD OF STRESS INTENSITY FACTOR OF ORTHOTROPIC MATERIAL USING SPATE
543
Author Index
557
Subject Index
559
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