Fair principles for sustainable development: essays on environmental policy and developing countries
Published for and on behalf of the United Nations by E. Elgar, 1993 - Business & Economics - 170 pages
With the increasingly evident and widespread impact of economic activity on the environment, there is a growing concern in all parts of the world that environmental considerations should be more fully reflected in economic decision-making. The Polluter-Pays, User-Pays, and Precautionary principles are increasingly being used as guidelines for environmental policy, and yet their developmental implications have barely been explored.
Fair Principles for Sustainable Development is one of the first books to study the developmental implications of these basic tenets of environmental policy. Having assessed the merits, drawbacks and technical feasibility for developing countries of applying the Polluter-Pays and User-Pays principles, the authors then examine the Precautionary principle from the same perspective. This is followed by discussion of Subsidiarity, which offers guidance on the application of these principles and aims to ensure that local interests are articulated and incorporated in the decision-making process. Finally an overview by the editor draws together the material to support the application of these principles, particularly in international trade and global environmental agreements, to serve sustainable development in the third world.
As an important early contribution to the debate on the application on Polluter-Pays, User-Pays, and Precautionary principles in development policy, as well as one of the first books to discuss the application of the Subsidiary principle to environmental policy, Fair Principles for Sustainable Development will be welcomed by researchers, students and policy makers attempting to come to terms with a new, important, but little understood, area.
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Guiding principles for sustainable development in
Application of the PolluterPays Principle in developing
Application of the PolluterPays Principle in Latin America
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abatement acceptable achieve activities adopted allocation Annex application of PPP appropriate carbon dioxide common property resources competition concerned constraints consumer costs of pollution damage decisions demand curves developing countries discharge distortions in international economic efficiency economic instruments effects emissions ensure environmental costs environmental policy environmental problems environmental protection environmental resources environmental standards example exploitation export external foundry global linkages governments greenhouse greenhouse gas Guiding Principles impact implementation important imposed incentives income industrial input international regulation international trade irreversible issue Latin America macroeconomic marginal cost measures mechanisms minimax OECD countries opportunity cost option Pareto optimal particular Pigovian taxes political Polluter-Pays Principle pollution charges pollution control pollution prevention poor Precautionary Principle prevention and control production property rights reduce reflect region regulatory requires resource pricing result sanatorium shadow prices Subsidiarity Principle subsidies sustainable development tradable uncertainty UNCTAD User-Pays Principle