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actual investment allowed amortized amount appeal to productive appreciation in land assume basis of rates bonds capital cent charges comparative market value comparative method determined doctrine earn economic efficiency elimination enterprise equal opportunity existing expenditures expense levels expenses of production fact fair return fair value ginal going value income increase inheritance inheritance tax institutions intensive margin interest investment theory investor judicial review land value level of expenses market value theory ment method natural monopoly necessary normal depreciation operating expenses opportunity cost original cost ownership personal distribution personal productivity plant point of view police power portunity position present value principles private property problem productive power public ownership Public Service Corporations public utility Railroad railway business rate of return reasonable reproducing result secure society sort sumer surplus theory of fair tion traffic unfair unit University of Wisconsin Valuation of Public wealth Wisconsin
Page 91 - What the company is entitled to demand, in order that it may have just compensation, is a fair return upon the reasonable value of the property at the time it is being used for the public.
Page 81 - It is insisted, however, that the owner of property is entitled to a reasonable compensation for its use, even though it be clothed with a public interest, and that what is reasonable is a judicial and not a legislative question. As has already been shown, the practice has been otherwise.
Page 91 - And, in order to ascertain that value, the original cost of construction, the amount expended in permanent improvements, the amount and market value of its bonds and stock, the present as compared with the original cost of construction, the probable earning capacity of the property under particular rates prescribed by statute, and the sum required to meet operating expenses, are all matters for consideration and are to be given such weight as may be just and right in each case.
Page 99 - Such compensation must depend greatly upon circumstances and locality; among other things, the amount of risk in the business is a most important factor, as well as the locality where the business is conducted and the rate expected and usually realized there upon investments of a somewhat similar nature with regard to the risk attending them. There may be other matters which in some. cases might also be properly taken into account in determining the rate which an investor might properly expect or...
Page 92 - It is clear that in ascertaining the present value we are not limited to the consideration of the amount of the actual investment. If that has been reckless or improvident, losses may be sustained which the community does not underwrite.
Page 100 - The company would certainly have no ground of complaint if it were allowed a value for these lands equal to the fair average market value of similar land in the vicinity, without additions by the use of multipliers, or otherwise, to cover hypothetical outlays. The allowances made below for a conjectural cost of acquisition and consequential damages must be disapproved ; and, in this view, we also think it was error to add to the amount taken as the present value of the lands the further sums, calculated...
Page 98 - ... and we concur with the court below in holding that the value of the property is to be determined as of the time when the inquiry is made regarding the rates. If the property which legally enters into the consideration of the question of rates has increased in value since it was acquired, the company is entitled to the benefit of such increase.
Page 99 - The less risk, the less right to any unusual returns upon the investments. One who invests his money in a business of a somewhat hazardous character is very properly held to have the right to a larger return, without legislative interference, than can be obtained from an investment in government bonds or other perfectly safe security.
Page 91 - The ascertainment of that value is not controlled by artificial rules. It is not a matter of formulas, but there must be a reasonable judgment, having its basis in a proper consideration of all relevant facts.
Page 99 - There is no particular rate of compensation which must in all cases and in all parts of the country be regarded as sufficient for capital invested in business enterprises. Such compensation must depend greatly upon circumstances and locality ; among other things, the amount of risk in the business is a most important factor, as well as the locality where the business is conducted and the rate expected and usually realized there upon investments of a somewhat similar nature with regard to the risk...