Faku: Rulership and Colonialism in the Mpondo Kingdom (c. 1780-1867)

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Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, Mar 13, 2001 - History - 198 pages
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From roughly 1818 to 1867, Faku was ruler of the Mpondo Kingdom located in what is now the north-east section of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Because of Faku’s legacy, the Mpondo Kingdom became the last African state in Southern Africa to fall under colonial rule.

When his father died, Faku inherited his power. In a period of intense raiding, migration and state formation, he transformed the Mpondo polity from a loosely organized constellation of tributary groups to a centralized and populous state with effective military capabilities and a prosperous agricultural foundation. In 1830, Faku allowed Wesleyan missionaries to establish a station within his kingdom and they became his main channel of communication with the Cape Colony, and later Natal. Ironically, he never showed any serious inclination to convert to Christianity.

From the 1840s to early 1850s, this Mpondo king played a central, yet often understated, role in the British colonization of South Africa. While over the years his territory and power declined, Faku remained quite astute in diplomatic negotiations with colonial officials and used his missionary connections to optimum advantage.

Timothy J. Stapleton’s narrative and use of oral history paint a clear and remarkable portrait of Faku and how he was able to manipulate missionaries, neighbours, colonists and circumstances to achieve his objectives. As a result, Faku: Rulership and Colonialism in the Mpondo Kingdom (c.1780-1867) helps illuminate the history of the entire Cape region.


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1 The Rise of Faku and the Centralization of the Mpondo Kingdom c17801829
2 Missionaries Colonial Officials and Mpondo Power 183036
3 Trekkers and Treaties 183744
4 The Expansion of the Cape Colony and Natal 184552
5 Direct Colonial Intrusion in Fakus Final Years 185267
Appendix 1 Cast of Characters
Appendix 2 List of Terms
Appendix 3 Chronology of Major Events

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Page 3 - ... observe this truly characteristic scene, being much struck with the coolness and manly bearing of the defendant, who still proceeded in his harangue. On this Faku rose from the assembly, and coming up, I dismounted to receive his usual congratulation, a shake of the hand, with which he now always obliges his white friends. He was attired in a handsome leopard skin mantle, in this country the insignia of rank, which so remarkably became his tall and commanding person, that when he turned from...

About the author (2001)

Timothy J. Stapleton is currently an assistant professor of history at Trent University, Ontario.

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