Family Life and School Achievement: Why Poor Black Children Succeed or Fail
Working mothers, broken homes, poverty, racial or ethnic background, poorly educated parents—these are the usual reasons given for the academic problems of poor urban children. Reginald M. Clark contends, however, that such structural characteristics of families neither predict nor explain the wide variation in academic achievement among children. He emphasizes instead the total family life, stating that the most important indicators of academic potential are embedded in family culture.
To support his contentions, Clark offers ten intimate portraits of Black families in Chicago. Visiting the homes of poor one- and two-parent families of high and low achievers, Clark made detailed observations on the quality of home life, noting how family habits and interactions affect school success and what characteristics of family life provide children with "school survival skills," a complex of behaviors, attitudes, and knowledge that are the essential elements in academic success.
Clark's conclusions lead to exciting implications for educational policy. If school achievement is not dependent on family structure or income, parents can learn to inculcate school survival skills in their children. Clark offers specific suggestions and strategies for use by teachers, parents, school administrators, and social service policy makers, but his work will also find an audience in urban anthropology, family studies, and Black studies.
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I can't speak to any racial topics or purport to the families or communities in this book, but its message that success relies on parent/caretaker/etc. disposition, attitude, and approach to social communication in the home is important. The author argues, implicitly, that speaking with respect and not yelling, etc. are more critical factors than two-parent households, and other structural factors.
2 Research Methods
3 The Family Life of High Achievers in TwoParent Homes
4 The Family Life of High Achievers in OneParent Homes
5 An Analysis of Dispositions and LifeStyles in High Achievers Homes
6 The Family Life of Low Achievers in Two Parent Homes
7 The Family Life of Low Achievers in OneParent Homes