Famine and Survival Strategies: A Case Study from Northeast Ethiopia
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet (The Scandinavian Institute of African Studies), 1991 - Cooperation - 246 pages
What do peasants do in the face of severe food crisis and ecological stress, and how do they manage to survive on their own? This study revolves around a case study conducted by the author in the awraja (district) in the Ambassel Wollo province in northeastern Ethiopia. This is in the region that was hit hardest by the 1984-85 famine, which Rahmato calls "the worst tragedy rural Ethiopia had ever experienced". The author also critically examines other literature on famine response. The focus of this study is on what happens before famine comes, and how the peasants prepare for it. From a wealth of evidence, the author concludes that the seeds of famine are sown during the years of recovery.
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activities Addis Ababa Addis Ababa University agencies Alamata Ambassel awraja Ambassel peasants Ambassel woreda Amharic assets Aussa behaviour Birr Bistima Borena cattle cent crops death degga Dessie Dessie Zuria disaster discussion distribution divination draught animals drought early warning economic emergency employment Ethiopia Ethiopian calendar extension agents famine response food crisis food shortages Gojjam Gondar goudguad grain Haiq harvest hunger Illubabor provinces important interviews involved kebbelae Kombolcha Korem labour land large number Lasta livestock loss meher migration Ministry of Agriculture NEERNDRC NGOs noted number of peasants Oromo oxen peasantry period plants plots ploughing poor post-famine recovery practice production Qallu awraja Qobbo quintals rain-making rains region relatively relief reports rural areas rural Ethiopia seeds sell shelter Shoa social sold sorghum sources surplus survival strategies Table teff tion traditional urban Wichalae Wollo peasants Wollo province women Worebabo woreda woyna-degga Yejju