Farm forestry in India: an economic and environmental analysis
Contents: Preface. 1. Introduction. 2. Profile of the study Region and Sample Households. 3. Cropping Pattern and Eucalyptus Yields. 4. Costs and Returns from Eucalyptus and Ragi Cultivation. 5. Economic Viability of Eucalyptus. 6. Labour Use and Income. 7. Marketing and Price Received for Eucalyptus. 8. Environmental Aspects of Eucalyptus Cultivation. 9. Summary and Conclusions.
"This Book deals with issues of efficient utilization of natural resources, land and trees particularly in dry land areas. Government of India implemented the farm Forestry Programme, a component of social Forestry Programme since 1980, to involve farms in tree plantation activities. Farm Forestry Programme was defined as the practice of forestry in all its aspects on farm or village land, generally integrated with other farm operation. It is a programme of planting of trees on bunds and boundaries of the fields of farmers and to be taken up by the farmers themselves. The Programme persuaded farmers to grow trees on farmlands, farm bunds and particularly in environmentally fragile areas, by distributing various tress species, which attracted large numbers of farmers in several states. considering the widespread adoption of the farm forestry programme by farmers particularly in Karnataka, this study has examined the development of social and Farm Forestry in India, assessed the economics of tree crops cultivated on farm vis-a-vis annual crops by using rigorous project appraisal techniques and other analytical tools, examined labour utilization and income generation, marketing aspects, and also environmental issues raised against certain tree species such as eucalyptus planted by farmers. Economic and environmental analysis of tree cultivation by farmers illustrated the profitability and other benefits accrued by farmers. The Study suggests for promoting afforestation activities for efficient use and management of land and tree resources. The study will be useful for researchers, policy makers and practitioners."
Dr. S. Puttaswamaiah is Lecturer in the Department of Economics, Bangalore University, Bangalore. Having specialized in Environmental Economics, his areas of research interest include agricultural economics, health economics, public economics and development economics. He has carried out different research studies in the above areas, while previously working in research institutes. He has published several research articles and contributed for state of Environment Report Karnataka and Karnataka Development Report
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Growth of Area under Social Forestry
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15 per cent agriculture annual crops area under eucalyptus average B:C Ratio Bangalore district Bangalore rural district Bangalore Small categories of farmers cent discount rate classes of holdings cost in terms cost of cultivation cost of eucalyptus costs and returns dry land economic viability eucalyptus and ragi eucalyptus cultivation eucalyptus plantation eucalyptus trees eucalyptus yields family labour farm forestry programme farmers in Bangalore farmers in Kolar farmers taken fuelwood grazing benefits foregone Gujarat harvest imputed costs income from eucalyptus Karnataka Kolar district Kolar Small mandays medium and large medium farmers number of farmers paid-out costs percent planted eucalyptus poverty line price of eucalyptus ragi cultivation ragi production foregone rainfall reported higher returns from eucalyptus sample farmers seedlings small farmers taking all farmers terms of ragi thousand per hectare total cost total opportunity cost tree crops tree cultivation Tumkur district Tumkur Small Uttar Pradesh viability of eucalyptus West Bengal