Farm restructuring and land tenure in reforming socialist economies: a comparative analysis of Eastern and Central Europe, Parts 63-268
World Bank, 1995 - Business & Economics - 148 pages
World Bank Discussion Paper No. 268.The agricultural sector of Central and Eastern Europe is in the midst of a difficult transformation from a centrally planned economic system toward a market-based, openly competitive organization. This study examines the changes occurring in the region. It presents empirical evidence of the transition as experienced by private farmers and managers of farm enterprises that are being reorganized.A series of surveys conducted in five countries identifies several consequences arising from the transition. These include increased numbers of private farmers, a more efficient market infrastructure, and diminished access to social benefits. The data and findings contained in this study should prove useful to policymakers in former centrally planned economies and to international institutions that are designing financial and technical assistance.An annex with a country-by-country summary of outcomes from the surveys is included.
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CONDITIONS AND LEGISLATION
THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND PHYSICAL SETTING
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agricultural sector Albania Bulgaria Hungary appears arable land assets average basis Bulgaria and Romania Bulgaria Hungary Poland cattle Central cereals coefficients collateral collective farms collective or cooperative compensation cooperative farms crops Czech and Slovak dairy distribution district economic farm enterprises farm managers fertilizers former owners grains hectare hire hiring-out holdings household plots households of private Hungary and Poland Hungary Poland Romania income informal ownership inputs interest rate labour land ownership land reform land transactions larger leased livestock livestock production loans machinery maize Meat negative obtained oilseeds output P.O. Box parcels Poland and Hungary potatoes private farmers problem purchase region regression relationship responses selling sharecropping shareholders shares sheep significant Slovak Republics Source statistically studies sugarbeet supply Survey of farm Survey of households Table Teleorman titles Tractor tree fruits University of Tirana wages wheat workers World Bank yields