Farthest North: Being the Record of a Voyage of Exploration of the Ship Fram, 1893-96, and of a Fifteen Months' Sleigh Journey
Originally published in 1897, this two-volume work chronicles the polar expedition of Norwegian scientist Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930), who came closer than any previous explorer to the North Pole. Beginning on board his boat, the Fram, which was deliberately driven into pack-ice off Siberia in order to drift north, Nansen and his companions later resorted to sleds and kayaks. Running to over six hundred pages, Volume 1 includes descriptions of the expedition's preparation and equipment, the farewell to Norway and voyage through the Kara Sea, ending with the party's second autumn on the ice. The Fram served as an oceanographic-meteorological-biological laboratory during its time in the Arctic and Nansen eventually published six volumes of scientific observations. He later became Norwegian delegate to the League of Nations, directing humanitarian projects, and is famous for receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922 as well as for his polar achievements.
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OYAGE THROUGH THE KARA SEA
THE SPRING AND SUMMER OF 1894
afternoon ahead Amundsen Arctic aurora aurora borealis bear began Bering Strait boat Cape Cape Chelyuskin Cape Fligely Chelyuskin coast of Greenland cold Colin Archer course dark deck direction dogs drift drift-ice east expedition fathoms feel feet fjord floe Fram Franz Josef Land Hansen Henriksen horizon hummock ice-floes Jeannette Johansen Juell Kara Sea kayaks light look lying metres Mogstad morning night northerly northwards Norway Norwegian Novaya Zemlya observations October one's open water Otto Sinding packing Peter Photograph Polar Sea Pole pressure pressure-ridges reach regions reindeer round sail saloon Samoyedes seemed seen September ship ship's shot Siberian Islands side sledge snow snow-shoes soon sound Spitzbergen stood strong summer Sunday surface Sverdrup Taimur temperature thermometer thick thing thought to-day took Trontheim turn weather whole wind winter yesterday Yugor Strait zero