Features of Naturalness in Conversation
The study describes a detailed and original piece of research work, investigating a very important genre of human communication, and that is conversation. It provides a definition of the genre of conversation by describing nine features of conversation, namely multiple sources, discourse coherence, language as doing, co-operation, unfolding, open-endedness, artifacts, inexplicitness and shared responsibility. These nine features of naturalness in conversation serve to distinguish conversation from specialized discourse types. The study illustrates the nine defining features of conversation with authentic conversational data collected surreptitiously in England. While this study is of native speakers of English, the nine defining features of naturalness of English conversation are applicable to conversations conducted in other languages.
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Determination of discourse coherence
Language as doing
adjacency pairs analysis argues artefact behaviour Brown and Yule Café Participants challenge move Cheepen and Monaghan claim co-operation co-operative context conversational implicature Coulthard 1985 deictic expressions deixis describe discourse analysts discourse coherence discourse events discussed dominant speaker ellipsis example exchange structure Extract feature of naturalness feedback follow-up move Forbidden Planet found in conversation function Grice hearer ibid identify illocutionary act inaudible initiation interac interactional interpretation interruptions language about language laughs level of inexplicitness Levinson linguistic Location means naturalness in conversation negotiation open-endedness outcome participants in conversation pause phatic pro-forms prospects question recorded researcher role sequences shared knowledge shared responsibility Sinclair and Brazil Sinclair and Coulthard social speaker A’s speaker overlap specialised discourse types spoken discourse status Stenström Stubbs suggests surreptitiously telephone conversations there’s tion topic framework topic shift train-spotters transactional transactional language turn unfolding utterance versation woman