Federal Mine Health and Safety Inspection Amendments of 1949: Hearings Before a Special Subcommittee of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Eighty-first Congress, First Session, on H.R. 3023, a Bill Amending Public Law 49, Seventy-seventh Congress, Providing for the Welfare of Coal Miners and for Other Purposes
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1949 - Coal mines and mining - 536 pages
Considers (81) H.R. 3023.
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Page 437 - The Government then of the United States can claim no powers which are not granted to it by the Constitution; and the powers actually granted must be such as are expressly given, or given by necessary implication.
Page 437 - The power of Congress over interstate commerce is not confined to the regulation of commerce among the states. It extends to those activities intrastate which so affect interstate commerce or the exercise of the power of Congress over it as to make regulation of them appropriate means to the attainment of a legitimate end, the exercise of the granted power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce.
Page 439 - But apart from the common law as to restraint of trade thus taken up by the statute the law is full of instances where a man's fate depends on his estimating rightly, that is, as the jury subsequently estimates it, some matter of degree. If his judgment is wrong, not only may he incur a fine or a short imprisonment, as here; he may incur the penalty of death.
Page 49 - It leaves open, therefore, the widest conceivable inquiry, the scope of which no one can foresee and the result of which no one can foreshadow or adequately guard against.
Page 6 - ... the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the United States Bureau of Mines, or to any duly authorized representative of such Bureau, upon request, complete and correct information to the best of his knowledge concerning any or all accidents involving bodily injury or loss of life which occurred in such mine during the calendar year in which the request is made or during the preceding calendar year.
Page 10 - Every owner, lessee, agent, manager, superintendent, or other person having control or supervision of any coal mine the products of which regularly enter commerce or the operations of which substantially affect commerce...
Page 328 - In bituminous-coal and lignite mines the quantity of air reaching the last open crosscut in any pair or set of entries shall not be less than six thousand cubic feet a minute, except that the quantity of air reaching the last open crosscut in any pair or set of entries in pillar sections may be less than six thousand cubic feet a minute if not less than six thousand cubic feet of air a...
Page 6 - For the purpose of obtaining information relating to health and safety conditions in such mines, the causes of accidents involving bodily injury or loss of life in such mines, or the causes of occupational diseases originating in such mines...
Page 7 - There are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for the due execution of this Act. SEC. 11. For the purposes of this Act, the term "commerce...
Page 90 - Cages used for handling men shall be equipped with safety catches that act quickly and effectively in an emergency. (d) Cages shall be inspected daily. A test of safety catches on cages shall be made at least every 2 months. A written record shall be kept of inspections and tests which shall be open for inspection by interested persons.