Federalism and labour market policy: comparing different governance and employment strategies

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Do federal institutions shape policy outcomes? In return, do public policy objectives influence federal arrangements? In Federalism and Labour Market Policy the authors examine these questions through systematic analyses of labour market policies in five federations: Belgium, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, and the United StatesThough these countries vary significantly in both their federal institutions and labour market policies, they all seek to define a relatively coherent approach for federal and sub-unit governments in a policy field where collaboration and coordination appear unavoidable. In some cases, such as Germany, collaboration is highly developed and policies are ambitious and integrated; in others, such as Switzerland, diversity and decentralization are privileged and policies remain fragmented. Finally, there are countries such as the United States that do not grant much importance to labour market policies.The authors provide exhaustive presentations of labour market policies in these five federations and so help us understand how political institutions and public policies are inter-related. Federalism and labour market policies certainly influence each other, but there is no simple relationship between them. Comparing different governance and employment strategies is nevertheless very instructive because it shows the range of approaches and policies that are possible in federal countries.Contributors include Valter Cortese (Universitť Libre de Bruxelles), Marianne De Troyer (Universitť Libre de Bruxelles), Rodney Haddow (St. Francis Xavier University), Alain NoŽl, Herbert Obinger (University of Bremen), Christopher J. O'Leary (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research), Steffen Schneider (University of Augsburg), and Robert A. Straits, (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research).

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Contents

Labour Market Policy and the Unemployment Crisis in
83
The Swiss Experience in the 1990s
143
Federalization and Labour Market Policy in Belgium
181
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About the author (2004)

Alain Noel est professeur titulaire au Departement de science politique de l'Universite de Montreal et directeur du Centre de recherche sur les politiques et le developpement social (CPDS).