Feeding the World in the 21st Century: A Historical Analysis of Agriculture and Society
'Feeding The World in the 21st Century: A Historical Analysis of Agriculture and Society' provides a historical understanding of agricultural development over the last two centuries. Characteristics of the period have included the opening of the prairies in the late 18th century, the invention of industrial fertilizer and the tractor's displacement of the horse. Such profound developments have led to an abundance of food and peace and prosperity within the world market. This situation began at the end of the American Civil War and continued until 2005, when prices rose in spite of increased production. Smedshaug gives a historical background of the current situation, while discussing the ultimate challenge of how to feed a world of 10 billion people. This challenge has to be met in the light of climate change, water shortage, and not least the declining availability of fossil fuel.
Smedshaug's analysis and recommendations underline the need for every country to have the freedom to establish an agricultural policy adapted to the given national natural conditions, as well as the need to put the producer at the heart of the policy in such a way that all countries can utilize their potential to produce food, and hence to feed the world.
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Who has a food surplus and who has a deficit?
Climate change and agriculture
Rapid production increase when prices rise?
Consequences of Ricardo
The second agricultural revolution new land areas
The postwar period strong growth in production
Agriculture and poverty
A IIarshall plan for Africa
ITO and GATT
Old clashes new players
The role of the state and import controls in the first industrialisation
Agriculture and the paradoxes
Hunger also a consequence of bad systems
The first modern agricultural revolution the end of the fallovv system