Feminist Ecocriticism: Environment, Women, and Literature

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Lexington Books, 2012 - Literary Criticism - 158 pages
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Feminist Ecocriticism examines the interplay of women and nature as seen through literary theory and criticism, drawing on insights from such diverse fields as chaos theory and psychoanalysis, while examining genres ranging from nineteenth-century sentimental literature to contemporary science fiction. The book explores the central claim of ecofeminism that there is a connection between environmental degradation and the subordination of women with the goal of identifying and fostering liberatory alternatives. Feminist Ecocriticism analyzes the work of such diverse women writers as Rachel Carson, Barbara Kingsolver, Ursula K. Le Guin, and Mary Shelley. By including chapters from a comparable number of women and men, this book dispels the notion that ecofeminism is relevant to and used by only female scholars. After uncovering the oppressive dichotomies of male/female and nature/culture that underlie contemporary environmental problems, Feminist Ecocriticism focuses specifically on emancipatory strategies employed by ecofeminist literary critics as antidotes, asking what our lives might be like as those strategies become increasingly successful in overcoming oppression. Thus, ecofeminism is not limited to the critique of literature, but also helps identify and articulate liberatory ideals that can be actualized in the real world, in the process transforming everyday life. Providing an alternative to rugged individualism, for example, ecofeminist literature promotes a more fulfilling sense of interrelationship with both community and the land. In the process of exploring literature from ecofeminist perspectives, the book reveals strategies of emancipation that have already begun to give rise to more hopeful ecological narratives. Feminist Ecocriticism provides a novel integration of two important strands of contemporary literary criticism that have often failed to make contact: feminist criticism and ecocriticism. The openness of both feminist criticism and ecocriticism to multiple, even incompatible perspectives, without the insistence on unitary definitions of their fields, has given rise to a new hybrid discipline: feminist ecocriticism."
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Ecofeminist Theories of Liberation in the Science Fiction of Sally Miller Gearhart Ursula K Le Guin and Joan Slonczewski
13
2 Barbara Kingsolvers Animal Dreams
39
3 Reintegrating Human and Nature
65
4 Shifting Subjects and Marginal Worlds
77
5 Decadent Desire
93
6 Discourse Excellent Music
105
Afterword
123
Bibliography
137
Index
145
About the Contributors
155
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Douglas A. Vakoch is Professor of Clinical Psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies, as well as Director of Interstellar Message Composition at the SETI Institute. He is a member of the editorial board of the journal Ecopsychology, and he has served as guest editor for a special issue of the journal ReVision devoted to environmental issues. Vakoch is the general editor for Berghahn Books' Ecofeminist Theory and Practice Series, which includes his own book, Ecofeminism and Rhetoric: Critical Perspectives on Sex, Technology, and Discourse (2011). His other books include Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SUNY Press, 2011), Civilizations Beyond Earth: Extraterrestrial Life and Society (Berghahn Books, 2011), Psychology of Space Exploration: Contemporary Research in Historical Perspective (NASA, 2011), On Orbit and Beyond: Psychological Perspectives on Human Spaceflight (Springer, 2012), Archaeology, Anthropology, and Interstellar Communication (NASA, 2012), and Astrobiology, History, and Society: Extraterrestrial Life and the Impact of Discovery (Springer, 2013).

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