Fertility, Food and Fever: Population, Economy and Environment in North and Central Sulawesi, 1600-1930
"Combining historical geography, historical demography and environmental history, this book examines the long-term relationships between population, economy and environment in the northern half of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Using a rich variety of Dutch historical sources, it attempts to reconstruct and analyse patterns of demographic, economic and landscape change throughout this large and ecologically diverse region over a period of almost three and a half centuries. Particular attention is given to the articulation between demographic and economic growth, to levels and determinants of reproductive fertility, to changing disease environments, and to the issue of agricultural sustainability and its preconditions. The results call into question some common views regarding the reasons for low population growth, and the relationship between population density and landscape change, in the Southeast Asian past."--BOOK JACKET.
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Lowland rainforest on the Tomori Bay eastern Central Sulawesi as sketched by a Dutch sea captain in 1850
Minahasan Bantik farmer in working dress with barkcloth tunic circa 1890
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111 ANRI Manado A.C. Kruyt Adriani and Kruyt agriculture ANRI Gorontalo ANRI Manado 11 ANRI Ternate Banggai Bolaang Mongondow Buol Central Sulawesi Chapter church registers Clercq coast coastal coconut colonial contemporary inspection crop cultivation deforestation Delden demographic disease Dutch administrative count epidemic estimate European export fertility forest Gorontalo to Res Graafland grassland Greater Sangir Gulf of Tomini harvest Hoevell included indigenous Indonesia inhabitants irrigation island Jansen Java Koloniaal verslag labour Lake Poso land Limboto Luwuk maize malaria Minahasa missionary Moluccas Mori mortality MV Manado nineteenth century North Sulawesi northern Sulawesi Padtbrugge Palu Valley percent period population growth probably raja region reported resident of Manado rice Riedel sago Sangir Islands Sangirese settlements Siau Siau Island single undivided figure slaves smallpox sources Steller swidden Talaud Islands Tammes Ternate Tillema tion Tobungku Togian Islands Tolitoli Tondano Toraja trade twentieth century upland village western Central Sulawesi Wilken and Schwarz