Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment

Front Cover
National Academies Press, Apr 1, 1996 - Medical - 230 pages

It sounds simple: Women who drink while pregnant may give birth to children with defects, so women should not drink during pregnancy. Yet in the 20 years since it was first described in the medical literature, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has proved to be a stubborn problem, with consequences as serious as those of the more widely publicized "crack babies."
This volume discusses FAS and other possibly alcohol-related effects from two broad perspectives: diagnosis and surveillance, and prevention and treatment. In addition, it includes several real-life vignettes of FAS children.
The committee examines fundamental concepts for setting diagnostic criteria in general, reviews and updates the diagnostic criteria for FAS and related conditions, and explores current research findings and problems associated with FAS epidemiology and surveillance.
In addition, the book describes an integrated multidisciplinary approach to research on the prevention and treatment of FAS. The committee

  • Discusses levels of preventive intervention.
  • Reviews available data about women and alcohol abuse and treatment among pregnant women.
  • Explores the psychological and behavioral consequences of FAS at different ages.
  • Examines the current state of knowledge about medical and therapeutic interventions, education efforts, and family support programs.

This volume will be of special interest to physicians, nurses, mental health practitioners, school and public health officials, policymakers, researchers, educators, and anyone else involved in serving families and children, especially in high risk populations.

 

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Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
INTRODUCTION 17
ISSUES IN RESEARCHON FETAL DRUG EFFECTS 33
VIGNETTES 52
DIAGNOSIS AND CLINICAL EVALUATION OF FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SURVEILLANCE OF FETAL ALCO 82
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF WOMENS DRINKING 100
PREVENTION OF FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME 112
CLINICAL PRESENTA TION INTERVENTION ANDTREATMENT
A CONCLUDING 194
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