Fetal Growth and Development
Richard Harding, Alan D. Bocking
Cambridge University Press, May 24, 2001 - Medical - 284 pages
The fetus occupies a critical phase during human development. It is at this stage when the body systems that will support us throughout our lives begin to face up to the challenge of life outside the womb. While the fetus can demonstrate a remarkably robust response to challenges in the uterus, it is also an exquisitely sensitive phase of development. It is now well recognized that disturbances to the materno-fetal environment can influence and even undermine our state of health well into adulthood. This exciting new publication provides a valuable insight into fetal growth and development across all the main body systems, and examines the influence of the materno-fetal environment on adult-onset diseases. This text contains additional chapters on the embryo, placenta, and parturition, to insure that this is a fully self-contained introduction. This book is written by world-renowned experts from leading centers of excellence and will be an invaluable introduction for students of medicine, reproductive biology, and human biology.
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Development of the embryo
Development and function of the placenta
Growth and metabolism
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ACTH activity adrenal adult amino acids amniotic fluid amniotic fluid volume arterial axis axons birth blastocyst blood flow blood volume capillary carbon changes chorionic contractile cortisol cytotrophoblast decrease differentiation effects embryo endocrine enzyme epithelial cells epithelium fetal blood fetal body fetal circulation fetal growth fetal lung fetal plasma fetal sheep fetus fetuses function gestational age gland glucose gonadal gonadotrophin growth factors hormone HPA axis human fetus hypothalamus hypoxia implantation increase inhibition integrin intracellular labour late gestation layer levels lung liquid maternal mature mechanisms membrane mesoderm metabolism molecules muscle fibres myometrial myometrium myosin neonatal nerve nervous system neural neurones normal nutrient occurs oestrogen oxide oxygen oxytocin pathway pituitary placenta plasma postnatal pregnancy pressure preterm produced progesterone prostaglandin protein pulmonary receptors reduced regulation release response role secretion species steroid stimulate structure surface syncytiotrophoblast synthesis tion trophoblast trophoblast cells tube umbilical uptake uterine vascular villi weeks