Feuerbach: The Roots of the Socialist Philosophy
Feuerbachs idealism consists in this, that he does not simply take for granted the mutual and reciprocal feelings of men for one another such as sexual love, friendship, compassion, self-sacrifice, etc., but declares that they would come to their full realization for the first time as soon as they were consecrated under the name of religion. The main fact for him is not that these purely human relations exist, but that they will be conceived of as the new true religion. from Chapter III In 1841, German philosopher and anthropologist Ludwig Feuerbach published The Essence of Christianity (also available from Cosimo), a rationalist exploration of concepts of God and religion. It exerted a profound influence on Karl Marx, who incorporated some of its ideas into the atheistic, socialist philosophies of The Communist Manifesto a few years later. But Marx and his Manifesto coauthor, German philosopher FRIEDRICH ENGELS (18201895), did not see entirely eye to eye with Feuerbachthey had a particular bone to pick with his inconsistencies on materialismand in 1888, Engels published this pamphlet to explain where their thoughts diverged. This 1903 translation of that German original is an invaluable artifact of lively academic debates of the day, and a vital component for modern students of political and religious philosophies to understanding the 19th-century roots of both.
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absolute idea abstract According to Hegel antagonism appears AUSTIN LEWIS bach become bourgeois bourgeoisie brain cause century changes Christianity Church circum circumstances contradiction COSIMO debt of honor dialectic discovery doctrine dominant economic Engels ethics existence fact feudal Feuer Feuerbach fight final forces forces of production foundation French FRIEDRICH ENGELS Germany Hegelian philosophy Hegelian school Hegelian system human humanitarian ical ideal idealistic ideological individual Kant knowledge ligion losophy mankind Marx materialistic matter means ment metaphysics methods of production Middle Ages mind moral motives natural science necessity nomic old materialism ophy organic particularly Philistine philos philosophy of history political practical progress proletarian pursuit of happiness question reality realm recognized regard religion religious revolution Revolution of 1848 revolutionary so-called social socialist standpoint Starcke statement terialism theory things thought tion true universal whole world-religions Young Hegelians